PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 24th September 2019 – IASToppers

UMMID (Unique Methods of Management and treatment of Inherited Disorders) initiative;
By IASToppers
September 24, 2019

Contents

Government Schemes & Policies

  • Government launches ‘UMMID’ to tackle inherited genetic diseases of new born babies

 

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Government Schemes & Policies

Government launches ‘UMMID’ to tackle inherited genetic diseases of new born babies

The Union Minister for Science & Technology launched UMMID (Unique Methods of Management and treatment of Inherited Disorders) initiative and inaugurated NIDAN (National Inherited Diseases Administration) Kendras.

UMMID

ABOUT UMMID INITIATIVE

UMMID-3

UMMID-4

  • UMMID (Unique Methods of Management and treatment of Inherited Disorders) is an initiative of Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology.
  • Under this initiative, training centres have been establish to provide training in Biochemical Genetics, Cytogenetics, Molecular Genetics, and Clinical Genetics.

OBJECTIVE

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  • To establish NIDAN (National Inherited Diseases Administration) Kendras to provide counselling, prenatal testing and multidisciplinary care in Government Hospitals wherein the influx of patients is more

UMMID-2

  • To produce skilled clinicians in Human Genetics
  • To undertake screening of pregnant women (10,000) and new born babies (5000) for inherited genetic diseases in hospitals at seven aspirational districts

NEED

  • In India’s urban areas, congenital malformations and genetic disorders are the third most common cause of mortality in newborns.
  • With a very large population and high birth rate, and consanguineous marriage favored in many communities, prevalence of genetic disorders is high in India.
  • According to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, the following groups of women are at the risk of delivering babies with inherited genetic disorders:
  • Pregnant women above the age of 35 years
  • Expectant mothers with gestational diabetes
  • Women who have consumed medication for epilepsy during pregnancy
  • Women who have a family history of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Thallasemia or Haemophilia

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KEY FACTS

  • Cytogenetics is the study of chromosomal structure, location and function in cells. It includes the study of chromosome number and its appearance, the physical location of genes on chromosomes, and chromosomal behaviour in processes such as cell division.
[Ref: PIB, the Hindu]

 

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