PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 25th September 2019 – IASToppers

National Service Scheme (NSS) Awards; 'Christchurch call to action' initiative; India Water Week – 2019; Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier; Sub-Mission On Agricultural Mechanization; CHC Farm Machinery for Custom Hiring Centres (CHCs);
By IASToppers
September 25, 2019

Contents

Government Schemes & Policies

  • President of India presents National Service Scheme Awards

Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

  • Initiative launched to guide heavy industries towards low-carbon economy
  • Exhibition organized under India Water Week

Science & Technology

  • Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier

Key Facts for Prelims

  • Agriculture minister launches app based CHC services

 

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Government Schemes & Policies

President of India presents National Service Scheme Awards 

The President of India presented the National Service Scheme (NSS) Awards for 2017-18 to universities, NSS units and NSS volunteers.

National-Service-Scheme-Awards

ABOUT NATIONAL SERVICE SCHEME (NSS)

National-Service-Scheme-Awards-1

  • National Service Scheme (NSS) was launched during 1969, the birth centenary year of Mahatma Gandhi, in 37 universities.
  • NSS is an extension dimension to the higher education system to orient the student youth to community service while they are studying in educational institutions.
  • It is being implemented by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of India.
  • Motto of NSS is “Not Me But You”.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF NSS

  • To identify the needs and problems of the community and youth them in problem solving process
  • To develop among youth a sense of social and civic responsibility
  • To utilise their knowledge in finding practical solution to individual and community problems
  • To develop competence required for group-living and sharing of responsibilities
  • To acquire leadership qualities and democratic attitude
  • To develop capacity to meet emergencies and natural disasters
  • To practice national integration and social harmony

IMPLEMENTATION

  • NSS is being implemented in Senior Secondary Schools, Colleges and Universities.

PROGRAMME STRUCTURE

  • The design of the NSS envisages that each educational institution covered under the Scheme has at least one NSS unit comprising of normally 100 student volunteers, led by a teacher designated as Programme Officer (PO).
  • Each NSS unit adopts a village or slum for taking up its activities.

NATURE OF ACTIVITIES UNDER NSS

Briefly, the NSS volunteers work on issues of social relevance, which keep evolving in response to the needs of the community, through regular and special camping activities. Such issues include

  • Literacy and education
  • Health, family welfare and nutrition
  • Environment conservation
  • Social service programmes
  • Programmes for empowerment of women
  • Programmes connected with economic development activities
  • Rescue and relief during calamities, etc.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

Initiative launched to guide heavy industries towards low-carbon economy

‘Leadership Group for Industry Transition’ initiative was launched at the UN Climate Action Summit to help guide the world’s heaviest greenhouse gas emitting industries toward the low-carbon economy.

UN-Climate-Action-Summit

ABOUT THE NEW INITIATIVE – LEADERSHIP GROUP FOR INDUSTRY TRANSITION

  • The Leadership Group for Industry Transition is a public-private effort to ensure heavy industries and mobility companies can find a workable pathway to deliver on the Paris Agreement.
  • This initiative was announced by India and Sweden together with other countries viz. Argentina, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, South Korea and the United Kingdom.
  • This Leadership Group will drive transformation in hard-to-decarbonize and energy-intensive sectors.
  • It is supported by the World Economic Forum, the Energy Transitions Commission, Mission Innovation, Stockholm Environment Institute, the European Climate Foundation etc.

ABOUT THE CLIMATE ACTION SUMMIT 2019

Climate-Action-Summit

  • The United Nations Climate Action Summit 2019 was hosted in New York.
  • Having the key focus on accelerating action to implement the Paris Agreement, the Climate Action Summit focuses on nine interdependent tracks, which are led by 19 countries.
  • The nine tracks are mitigation, social and political drivers, youth and public mobilization, energy transition, industry transition, infrastructure, cities and local action, nature-based solutions, resilience and adaptation, climate finance and carbon pricing.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Exhibition organized under India Water Week

The Ministry of Jal Shakti organised an exhibition as part of the sixth edition of India Water Week in New Delhi.

6th-india-water-week-2019

ABOUT INDIA WATER WEEK – 2019

  • The India Water Week -2019 is being organized in Delhi to bring upon new ideas of mutual cooperation for sustainable water management.

6th-india-water-week-2019-3

  • The theme of the India Water Week – 2019 is “Water cooperation to cope with 21st-century challenges“.
  • The exhibition showcased latest developments and available solutions to take on the challenge of burgeoning competition for river and ground waters among domestic, agriculture, industry and environmental needs.

ABOUT INDIA WATER WEEK

India Water Week

  • The India Water Week is a forum where the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation discusses with stakeholders to build public awareness, to get support to implement key strategies for conservation and optimum use of available water.
  • It was organized for the first time in 2012.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Science & Technology

Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier

The Vice President of India has called for making India a thriving hub for natural healing and wellness in the world on the 150th Birth Anniversary of Vaidyaratnam P.S. Varier at Arya Vaidya Sala (AVS), Kottakkal.

Inaugurates-150th-Birth-Anniversary-Celebrations-of-Vaidyaratnam

ABOUT VAIDYARATNAM P. S. VARIER

Vaidyaratnam-P.-S.-Varier

  • Vaidyaratnam P. S. Varier was an Ayurvedic physician from Kerala.
  • He is well-regarded as the founder of Kottakkal Arya Vaidyasala, a major Ayurvedic treatment centre in Malappuram district of Kerala.
  • An Ayurveda Pathasala was established by him in 1917 at Calicut as a formal education institution. This Padhasala later became the Vaidyaratnam P.S. Varier Ayurveda College affiliated to The Kerala University of Health Sciences.
  • He founded a drama troupe which was developed to be the famous Kathakali troupe, P.S.V. Natyasangham.
  • In 1933, in recognition of his services to humanity, P. S. Varier was conferred the title of ‘Vaidyaratna’ by the Viceroy and Governor General of India. The Government of India has issued a postage stamp in his honour bearing his image.

WHY INDIA HAS THE CAPABILITY TO BECOME THE WELLNESS CAPITAL OF THE WORLD?

  • The Atharva Veda, lauded as the earliest source of medical information in India, is a treasure trove of knowledge and wisdom in the field of medicine.
  • Despite, the non-supportive political environment created by foreign rulers, Ayurveda survived and earned global recognition as a benign healthcare science.
  • Comprehensive approach adopted by Ayurveda could play an important role in treating chronic and lifestyle diseases.

SUGGESTIONS

  • Given the disturbing trend of increasing incidence of non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, in India, there is an urgent need to shift focus from the treatment of these diseases to their prevention and general wellness.
  • There is also need for integrating traditional systems like Ayurveda with the modern allopathic system for enhancing the efficacy of treatments.
  • As a practicing science, the system of Ayurveda needs to be strengthened through research.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Key Facts for Prelims

Agriculture minister launches app based CHC services

The Agriculture minister launched multilingual app based service – CHC Farm Machinery for Custom Hiring Centres (CHCs).

Tomar-launches-two-agriculture-related-Mobile-Apps

  • He also launched another app Krishi Kisan, which will provide farmers the information of best demonstration of high-yielding crops and seeds in their nearby area.

ABOUT THE APP

  • Through this app, farmers will be able to hire farm machineries including tractors at an affordable price from the Custom Hiring Centers (CHC) located in the radius of 50 Kms.

SIGNIFICANCE 

Krishi-Kisan-App--2

  • Farmers, especially small and marginal farmers, will have easy access to high value and technical agricultural equipments which will not only increase the income of the farmers, but will also take mechanization to maximum farm holdings in a short time frame.

WHAT ARE CUSTOM HIRING CENTRES (CHCS) FOR FARM MACHINERY?

CHC-Farm-Machinery

  • Custom hiring centres (CHCs) for farm implements were established in 100 NICRA (National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture) villages which could successfully empower farmers to tide over the shortage of labour and improve efficiency of agricultural operations.

OBJECTIVES OF CHCS

  • To make available various farm machinery / equipments to small and marginal farmers
  • To offset the adverse economies of scale due to high cost of individual ownership
  • To improve mechanization in places with low farm power availability
  • To provide hiring services for various agricultural machinery

NEED FOR CHCS

CHC-Farm-machinery-app 1

  • In India, there is a strong need for taking farm mechanization. However, the farm power distribution is quite uneven across the States, wherein the highest use of mechanical power is in the order of 3.5 kw/ha in Punjab and less than 1kw/ha in States like Bihar, Orissa, Jharkhand etc.
  • Mechanical power is largely consumed in big land holdings and is still beyond the reach of small/marginal holdings which constitutes around 80% of the total land holdings.
  • This is due to the fact that the small/marginal farmers, by virtue of their economic condition are unable to own farm machinery on their own or through institutional credit.
  • Hence, in order to bring farm machinery available within the reach of small/marginal holdings, Custom Hiring Centres were created.

ABOUT SUB-MISSION ON AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION

  • Introduced in 2014, this scheme is being implemented to promote the usage of farm mechanization and increase the ratio of farm power to cultivable unit area up to 2 kW/ha.
  • The Central Sector schemes of ‘Promotion and Strengthening of Agricultural Mechanization through Training, Testing and Demonstration’ and ‘Post Harvest Technology & Management’ have been merged with this Sub-Mission.

OBJECTIVES

  • Increasing the reach of farm mechanization to small and marginal farmers and to the region where availability of farm power is low
  • Promoting ‘Custom Hiring Centres’ to offset the adverse economies of scale arising due to small landholding and high cost of individual ownership
  • Creating hubs for hi-tech & high value farm equipments
  • Ensuring performance testing and certification at designated testing centers.
  • Demonstration, training and distribution of the Post-Harvest Technology and Management (PHTM)

IMPLEMENTATION

  • It is being implemented under the National Mission on Agricultural Extension and Technology.
  • Farm Mechanization programmes are implemented through other missions/schemes such as Remunerative Approach for Agriculture and Allied sector Rejuvenation (RKVY), Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH), National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP) and Sub Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM).
[Ref: PIB, Economic Times]

 

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