PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 26th & 27th January 2020 – IASToppers

71st Republic Day; International Summit on Women in STEM; Padma Awards 2020 Announced; Bharat Ratna Awards; Bharat Parv 2020;
By IASToppers
January 27, 2020


Key Facts for Prelims

  • 71st republic Day
  • Padma Awards 2020 Announced
  • Bharat Parv 2020 inaugurated with fanfare at Red Fort
  • International Summit on Women in STEM
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Key Facts for Prelims

71st Republic Day

The 71st Republic Day was celebrated across the country on 26 January 2020.

India celebrated its 71st Republic Day on January 26, 2020. PIB Daily

Significance of Republic Day in India:

  • January 26, 1950 is the day the Indian constitution came into being 70 years ago i.e. India established itself as a sovereign state.
  • The chief architect of the Constitution of India, Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar, headed the drafting committee that prepared the ‘draft constitution‘ in November 1947.
  • It took two years, 11 months and 18 days for the final constitution to be shaped on 26, November 1949.
  • The Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution on January 26, 1950, a date specially chosen to coincide with the anniversary of ‘Purna Swaraj Diwas’.
  • January 26, 1930 was marked as ‘Purna Swaraj Diwas’, or the day the nation would attain complete freedom from its colonisers by the Congress.

January 26, 1930 was marked as ‘Purna Swaraj Diwas’, or the day the nation would attain complete freedom from its colonisers by the Congress.

  • The members of the drafting committee felt that the birth of the constitution should be observed on a day that held some significance in their fight for independence.
  • When India was ultimately granted freedom by the British in 1947, but on August 15 and not January 26, the date was instead assigned to celebrating India’s Republic Day.
  • This was the day the Indian Independence Act was consequently repealed and India was established as a democratic republic, no longer a dominion of the British Crown.

How is Republic Day celebrated in India?

  • Much like the Independence Day celebrations in India, Republic Day too is celebrated with grand parades in New Delhi and the different state capitals.
  • The Indian Army, Navy, Air Force, artistes and performers from across the country participate in the parades to showcase the diversity of cultures.
  • The President and state Governors receive the military salutes during the parades with the ‘fly past’ by the Indian Air Force officially concluding the parade in the national capital.

Chief guest of Republic Day 2020:

  • The President of Brazil Jair Messias Bolsonaro was the chief guest this year.

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro

Major Highlights:

  • For the first time Prime Minister paid homage to martyrs at the newly constructed National War Memorial (NWM) near India Gate instead of Amar Jawan Jyoti (AJJ).
  • The NWM is located near the India Gate and was built in memory of about 22,500 Indian soldiers who laid down their lives in the post-independence period, inaugurated in February 2019.
  • Amar Jawan Jyoti will now be used only for regimental events and visiting dignitaries.
  • Mission Shakti, Anti-satellite weapon developed by DRDO, Army’s battle tank Bhishma, infantry combat vehicles, Air Forces’ newly inducted Chinook and Apache helicopters were showcased during the parade.
  • Captain Tania Shergill led an all-men marching contingent of the Corps of Signals at the Republic Day parade and became the first woman Parade Adjutant in the history of the Army Day function.
[Ref: PIB]


Padma Awards 2020 Announced

Padma Awards – one of the highest civilian Awards of the country, are conferred in three categories, namely, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri.

Padma Awards 1

Disciplines/ fields for Padma awards:

The Awards are given in various disciplines/ fields of activities, viz.- art, social work, public affairs, science and engineering, trade and industry, medicine, literature and education, sports, civil service, etc.

Padma Awards

  • ‘Padma Vibhushan’ is awarded for exceptional and distinguished service (it is a second degree honour).
  • ‘Padma Bhushan’ for distinguished service of high order (it is a third degree honour).
  • ‘Padma Shri’ for distinguished service in any field (it is a fourth degree honour).

The awards are announced on the occasion of Republic Day every year. These awards are conferred by the President of India.

Bharat Ratna Awards:

  • Bharat Ratna’, the highest civilian Award of India, was instituted in the year 1954.

Bharat Ratna

  • The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science, and public services, but the government expanded the criteria to include any field of human endeavour in December 2011.
  • It is not mandatory that Bharat Ratna be awarded every year.
  • The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister himself to the President. No formal recommendations for this are necessary.
  • The Award does not carry any monetary grant.
  • The number of annual awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a particular year.
  • The first ever Indian to receive this award was Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman.
  • In terms of Article 18 (1) of the Constitution, the award cannot be used as a prefix or suffix to the recipient’s name.
  • However, should an award winner consider it necessary, he/she may use the ‘Awarded Bharat Ratna by the President’ or ‘Recipient of Bharat Ratna Award’.
  • There is no written provision that Bharat Ratna should be awarded to Indian citizens only
[Ref: PIB]


Bharat Parv 2020 inaugurated with fanfare at Red Fort 

To celebrate the spirit of India, the annual event Bharat Parv is being celebrated from 26th to 31st January, in front of Red Fort at Gyan Path and Red Fort grounds. 

Bharat Parv 2020

  • Central theme of Bharat Parv 2020 is ‘Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat’ and ‘Celebrating 150 Years of Mahatma Gandhi’.
  • Objective of Bharat Parv is to encourage Indians to visit different tourism places of India and to inculcate the spirit of ‘Dekho Apna Desh’.
[Ref: PIB]


International Summit on Women in STEM

The Department of Biotechnology organized an International Summit on Women in STEM- (Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) “Visualizing the Future: New Skylines” at India Habitat Centre, New Delhi.

International Summit on Women in STEM

About Summit:

  • Aim: to boost the participation of women in STEM field for development of scientific career.
  • Summit included mechanisms of leadership building, empowering women through networking, career opportunities and interactive exercises with scientists.
  • Around 350 participants from different STEM field across the globe participated in the event including scientists, socialists, entrepreneurs, researchers, teachers and students.
  • The summit provided a good platform for young students and researchers to interact and network with leaders in the field, to develop ideas and generate a future action plan for making career in STEM fields.
[Ref: PIB]
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