PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 26th February 2020 – IASToppers

SERB Women Excellence Award-2020; Ensemble Methods in Modelling and Data Assimilation; National Science Day; Defence Minister reviews performance of MIDHANI; MIDHANI;
By IASToppers
February 26, 2020


Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

  • Ensemble Methods in Modelling and Data Assimilation

Defence & Security Issues

  • Defence Minister reviews performance of MIDHANI

Persons in News

  • SERB Women Excellence Award-2020
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Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

Ensemble Methods in Modelling and Data Assimilation

A three-day international conference on “Ensemble Methods in Modelling and Data Assimilation (EMMDA)” has been organised by National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) from February 24, 2020 at Noida, India.


  • To provide a platform for discussions and deliberations on the present status, future prospects and optimum use of Ensemble Prediction System (EPS).

Ensemble Prediction System:

  • Though remarkable success has been achieved in improving forecast by prediction systems and adopting latest data assimilation techniques, but some amount of uncertainty is associated with numerical weather prediction.

  • In order to quantify the forecast uncertainty, leading Weather forecasting centres of the world including India have developed ‘Ensemble Prediction System’ (EPS) which provides probabilistic forecasting of weather.
  • In an EPS, a number of similar models, called the ensemble members, are run from slightly different initial conditions.
  • It requires high computational resources and in turn provides the flow dependent forecast uncertainty in terms of probability.
  • The probabilistic forecasts help the end users in making decisions and plan their actions suitably.
  • The forecasts from high resolution global and regional EPS provide more accurate probabilistic forecasts of extreme weather events and help the planners and administrators in taking timely actions.
  • India has recently operationally implemented two global EPS which have highest resolution in the world and also a regional EPS of horizontal resolution 4 km which covers the Indian region.
  • A well-coordinated collaborative research and development work between national and international centres are further required for progressively improving the skill of EPS.


The major themes of the conference are:

  • Ensemble methods in Global Weather Prediction
  • Ensemble methods in Data Assimilation
  • Ensemble methods in Monthly and Seasonal Forecasting
  • Convection Permitting Ensemble Prediction Systems
  • Verification of Ensemble weather forecasts
  • Applications of Ensemble weather forecasts.

Highlights of the event:

  • Leading International experts and scientists from UK, USA, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand, etc. will present papers along with distinguished Indian scientists from different lead organizations on latest developments in the field of ensemble data assimilation and modelling.
  • About twenty young scientists and researchers will present their research outcomes. Besides them about 100 participants which include forecasters, stake holder from various sectors and young research scholars will attend this conference. 
  • The latest techniques used in Data Assimilation, Ensemble Methods, and use of Probabilistic Forecasts for developing new applications from Ensemble Products will be discussed.
  • The discussions will lead to development of newer algorithms and will be useful for societal applications related to weather/climate. 

[Ref: PIB]

Defence & Security Issues

Defence Minister reviews performance of MIDHANI

Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh reviewed the performance of Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited (MIDHANI) recently.

Highlights of the event:

  • The officials of the Defence Public Sector Undertaking (DPSU) briefed Raksha Mantri and senior officials of Department of Defence Production, Ministry of Defence about their ongoing projects and future plans.
  • Defence Minister commended MIDHANI’s contribution towards indigenisation in defence manufacturing and lauded the DPSU for diversifying its business to other sectors like space, energy and railways.
  • Stressing that it can play a major role in making India self-reliant in special alloys and materials, he asked the officials to focus more on innovation and R&D.
  • He said that the DPSU has a unique place among the Defence companies with its specialized product profile and customers, with a lot of potential for exports.


  • Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited, abbreviated as MIDHANI, is a specialized metals and metal alloys manufacturing facility in India, located in Hyderabad, Telangana.
  • It is a Public Sector Undertaking, under the administrative control of Department of Defence Production, Ministry of Defence, Government of India.
  • MIDHANI has performed well over the last five years. The company’s value of production has increased by around 27 % from Rs 640 crore in FY 14-15 to Rs 815 crore in FY 18-19.
  • Import substitution of high-pressure discs for compressor of Adour MK 811 engines for Jaguar fighter plane and 74 kg titanium casting for naval application are some of the prominent achievements.
[Ref: PIB]

Persons in News

SERB Women Excellence Award-2020

Dr Niti Kumar, Senior Scientist from Division of Molecular Parasitology and Immunology, CSIR-CDRI, Lucknow has received SERB Women Excellence Award-2020.

About the award:

  • This award is given to women scientist below 40 years of age who have received recognition from national academies.
  • The women researchers will be supported by research grant of 5 lakhs per annum for 3 years by Science and Engineering Research Board, Department of Science & Technology, Government of India (SERB-DST).
  • Her research group is trying to understand the protein quality control machinery in human malaria parasite for exploration of alternative drug targets for malaria intervention.
  • The Award will be conferred on her by the President of India during National Science Day Celebrations on February 28, 2020, in Vigyan Bhawan.

National Science Day:

  • National Science Day is celebrated in India on 28 February each year.
  • It marks the discovery of the Raman effect by Indian Physicist Sir C. V. Raman on 28 February 1928.
[Ref: PIB]