PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 27th August 2019 – IASToppers

Draft National Resource Efficiency Policy (NERP), 7th Community Radio Sammelan;
By IASToppers
August 27, 2019

Contents

Government Schemes & Policies

  • Extension of timeline for public consultation on Draft NREP 2019

 

Key Facts for Prelims

  • 7th Community Radio Sammelan to be held in Delhi in August
 
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 Government Schemes & Policies

Extension of timeline for public consultation on Draft NREP 2019

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change have extended the timeline to invite comments on Draft National Resource Efficiency Policy (NREP) by another month.

DRAFT-NATIONAL-RESOURCE-EFFICIENCY-POLICY-3 IASToppers

ABOUT THE DRAFT NATIONAL RESOURCE EFFICIENCY POLICY (NERP), 2019

About the Draft National Resource Efficiency Policy (NERP), 2019

  • It was developed with the recommendations from the Indian Resource Efficiency Programme (IREP), launched by the Indian Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change and Indian Resource Panel in 2017.
  • The work on Resource Efficiency Strategy was supported by the European Union (EU) funded Resource Efficiency Initiative (EU-REI)in the consortium with The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).

HIGHLIGHTS OF NERP 2019

  • NERP 2019 seeks to create a regulatory environment to mainstream resource efficiencyacross all sectors including both biotic and abiotic
  • It will create a ‘National Resource Efficiency Authority(NREA)’ under Environment (Protection) 24 Act, 1986, to provide for the regulatory provisions of this policy.
  • An inter-ministerial National Resource Efficiency Board (NREAB) will provide necessary guidance on the aspects critical to the implementation of resource efficiency.
  • It also plans to offer tax benefits on recycled materials, green loans to small and medium Enterprises (SMEs) and soft loans to construct waste disposal facilities, apart from setting up Material Recovery Facilities (MRF).
  • Manufacturers and service providers would also be required to use more recycled or renewable materials and awareness would be created among consumers to indicate the shift.
  • Idea of the national policy is to drive the country towards circular economy through efficient use of available material resources, based on principle of 6R and ‘green public procurement’.
  • The 6Rstands for reduce, reuse, recycle, redesign, re-manufacture and refurbish while the very premise of ‘green public procurement’ is to procure products with lower environmental footprints such as secondary raw materials and locally sourced materials.
  • It also pitches for moving towards ‘zero landfill’ approach in the country, hinting at possibility of imposing ‘landfill taxes’ and ‘high tipping fees’ for bulk generators of waste so that they can move towards optimal use of materials and better waste management.

PRINCIPLES OF NERP 2019

DRAFT-NATIONAL-RESOURCE-EFFICIENCY-POLICY-2 IASToppers

  • Reduction in primary resource consumption to ‘sustainable’ levels
  • Creation of higher value with less material through resource efficient and circular approaches
  • Waste minimization
  • Material security, creation of employment opportunities and business models beneficial to the cause of environment protection

CURRENT STATUS OF INDIA’S RESOURCES

  • Resource extraction of 1580 tonnes/acre is much higher than the world average of 450 tonnes/acre.
  • 3rd largest material demand (in year 2010)
  • Low material productivity compared to global average
  • 3rd highest CO2 emitter, responsible for 6.9% of global CO2 emissions.
  • Highest water withdrawal globally for agriculture.
  • 30% of land undergoing degradation.
  • High import dependency of many critical raw materials.
  • Water is fast becoming scarce while deteriorating air quality has emerged as a major threat to human life.
  • There has been massive soil degradation, with 147 million hectares (Mha) of a total of 329 Mha land area hit.
  • Import dependency is nearly 100% for the majority of the ‘most critical’ materials -cobalt, copper and lithium that find extensive application in high-end technology industry.
  • Over 80% of crude oil that is processed in the economy is imported, along with 85% of its coking coal demand.
  • Extraction of non-metallic minerals is crippled with challenges.
  • To add to the problems, India’s recycling rate is just about 20-25% compared with 70% in developing countries in Europe.
  • The situation will only aggravate as India is likely to double its material consumption by 2030.

MATERIAL DEMAND

Material Demand

  • In scenario with continuing current dynamics (8% growth in GDP p.a. until 2030, thereafter 5%), total material consumption in 2030 is projected to be 14.2 BT (billion tonnes).
  • This means tripling of demand for primary materials compared to 2010, particularly the demand for energy carriers, metals and non-metal minerals.
[Ref: PIB]

 Key Facts for Prelims

7th Community Radio Sammelan to be held in Delhi in August 

The Seventh Community Radio Sammelan will be held at New Delhi from 27th to 29th August, 2019.

Community-Radio-Sammelan-2 Current Affair Analysis

ABOUT THE COMMUNITY RADIO SAMMELAN

Community-Radio-Sammelan-3-IASToppers

  • The Sammelan is being organized by Ministry of Information & Broadcasting.
  • The theme of this year’s Sammelan is ‘Community Radio for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)’.
  • It will witness an award ceremony for Community Radio Stations for their achievements in broadcasting development programmes in various genres.
[Ref: PIB, Business Standard]
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