PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 27th February 2020 – IASToppers

National Conference on Coastal Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience; Prime Minister’s 10-point Agenda on DRR; Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030;
By IASToppers
February 27, 2020

Contents

Government Schemes & Policies

  • National Conference on Coastal Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience

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Government Schemes & Policies

National Conference on Coastal Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience

Union Minister of State for Home Affairs presided over the valedictory session of the 1st ‘National Conference on Coastal Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience (CDRR&R) – 2020’, organised by the National Institute of Disaster Management in New Delhi recently.

Aim:

  • To enhance the understanding of the issues and solutions on various facets for coastal disaster risk reduction and resilience.
  • To explore and debate the most recent advances in the discipline.
  • To develop a network mode roadmap for addressing the gaps by engaging with the institutions, researchers and experts.

Highlights of the event:

  • The one-day conference focussed on enhancing human capacity in terms of better understanding about coastal disaster risks.
  • It aimed at taking effective collaborative actions, by implementing Prime Minister’s 10-point agenda and Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, for reducing the risk and enhancing the resilience amongst the affected stakeholders.
  • It emphasised on dissemination of information related to national and local strategies for coastal disaster risk reduction and resilience.

Prime Minister’s 10-point Agenda:

The Prime Minister’s 10-point agenda on DRR is:

  1. All development sectors must imbibe the principles of disaster risk management.
  2. Work towards risk coverage for all– starting from poor households to SMEs to multi-national corporations to nation states.
  3. Encourage greater involvement and leadership of women in disaster risk management.
  4. Invest in risk mapping globally.
  5. Leverage technology to enhance the efficiency of our disaster risk management efforts.
  6. Develop a network of universities to work on disaster issues.
  7. Utilise the opportunities provided by social media and mobile technologies.
  8. Build on local capacity and initiative.
  9. Opportunity to learn from a disaster must not be wasted.
  10. Bring about greater cohesion in international response to disasters.

Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030:

  • It is a global agreement to reduce and prevent disaster risks across the globe.
  • It was adopted at the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, in Sendai, Japan in March 2015.
  • The non-legally binding agreement highlights the need for good governance in disaster risk reduction at the local, national, regional and global level.

Objective:

  • It aims to strengthen social and economic resilience to ease the negative effects of climate change, man-made disasters, and natural hazards.

Key Features:

  • For the first time the goals are defined in terms of outcome-based targets instead of focusing on sets of activities and actions.
  • It places governments at the centre of disaster risk reduction with the framework emphasizing the need to strengthen the disaster risk governance.
  • It places almost equal importance on all kinds of disasters and not only on those arising from natural hazards.
  • Implementation of integrated environmental and natural resource management approaches is needed for disaster reduction.

The Four Priorities for Action:

  • Priority 1. Understanding Disaster risk management should be based on an understanding of disaster risk in all its dimensions of vulnerability, capacity, exposure, hazard characteristics and the environment.
  • Priority 2. To manage Disaster risk governance at the national, regional and global levels.
  • Priority 3. Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience.
  • Priority 4. Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and to build better in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.

 [Ref: PIB]

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