PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 28th August 2019 – IASToppers

C-Sat-Fi (C-DOT Satellite WiFi); “Janaushadhi Sugam”; National Mission on Education through Information and Communication; Technology (NMEICT); C-DOT’s XGSPON (10 G Symmetrical Passive OptCentre for Development of Telematics (C-DOT); ical Network); C-DOT’s Interoperable Set-Top Box (CiSTB);
By IASToppers
August 28, 2019

Contents

Issues related to Health & Education

  • Mobile application- “Janaushadhi Sugam” launched
  • National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT)

Science & Technology

  • Govt reiterates its commitment to provide Wi-Fi in all villages through GramNet

 

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Issues related to Health & Education

Mobile application- “Janaushadhi Sugam” launched

Union Minister for Chemicals and Fertilizers launched a mobile application “Janaushadhi Sugam” and had announced that “Jan Aushadhi Suvidha Oxo-Biodegradable Sanitary Napkin” will now be available at only One Rupee per pad.

Mobile application

ABOUT JAN AUSHADHI SUVIDHA OXO-BIODEGRADABLE SANITARY NAPKIN

  • The Government of India launched “Jan Aushadhi Suvidha Oxo-Biodegradable Sanitary Napkin” on the eve of the World Environment Day (4th June)

suvidha-iastoppers

  • It comes with a special additive, which makes it biodegradable when it comes in contact with oxygen after being discarded.
  • In order to make the sanitary pads more affordable to the women of India, Government of India decided to make Jan Aushadhi Suvidha Oxo-Biodegradable Sanitary Napkin available at rate of only Rs 1.00 per pad. Earlier, it was available at Rs 2.50 per pad.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • It will ensure the health security for the section of Indian women who still use unhygienic aids during menstrual period due to non-affordability of sanitary pads available in the market.

ABOUT ‘JANAUSHADHI SUGAM’ MOBILE APPLICATION

Jan-Aushadhi-Scheme

  • Janaushadhi Sugam mobile application would have options like- to locate nearby Janaushadhi kendra, search Janaushadhi generic medicines, analyse product comparison of Generic vs Branded medicine etc.

PRADHAN MANTRI BHARTIYA JANAUSHADHI PARIYOJANA (PMBJP)

Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP)

  • It was launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticalsin November 2008 under the name Jan Aushadi Campaign.
  • Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India(BPPI) is the implementation agency for PMBJP.
  • The Government aims to have at least 1 PMBJP Kendra in each block of the country by 2020.

OBJECTIVE

  • Making quality medicines available at affordable pricesfor all, particularly the poor and disadvantaged, through exclusive outlets “Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendras”, so as to reduce out of pocket expenses in healthcare.
  • Create awareness and demand among the public regarding generic medicines.
  • Provideall the commonly used generic medicines covering all the therapeutic groups.

KEY FEATURES OF PRADHAN MANTRI BHARTIYA JANAUSHADHI KENDRAS

  • State Governments or any organization / reputed NGOs / Trusts / Private hospitals / Charitable institutions / Doctors / Unemployed pharmacist/ individual entrepreneurs are eligible to apply for Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendras.
  • Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendras can be located within Government hospital premises as well as Private hospital premisesor anywhere outside.
  • In addition to medicines and surgical items supplied by BPPI, Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendras is allowed to sell allied medical products commonly sold in chemist shops.
  • An amount of Rs. 2.5 lakhs are extended to entities establishing Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Kendras in Government hospital premises where space is provided free of cost by Government to operating agency.

SIGNIFICANCE

  • This scheme has led to total savings of approximately Rs 1,000 crores for common citizens, as these medicines are cheaper by 50 per cent to 90 per cent of the average market price.
  • It is also providing a good source of self-employment with self-sustainable and regular earnings, including JanAushadhi Swabhiman adult diapers; Jan Aushahdi Bachpan baby diapers; Jan Aushadhi Ankur pregnancy test kits; Jan Aushadhi Urja energy drink etc.

WHAT ARE GENERIC MEDICINES?

Generic-medicines-1

  • Medicines are usually available under two names: a generic name and a brand name.
  • Generic medicines are unbranded medicines which are equally safe as that of branded medicines in terms of their therapeutic value. However, there is no definitionof generic or branded medicines under the Drugs & Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Rules, 1945 made thereunder.
  • In other words, they are drugs which have the same chemical composition as branded drugs are and sold under their chemical name. For example, Paracetamol, a painkiller, is the generic name for branded drugs like Crocin and Calpol.
  • The prices of generic medicines are much cheaper than their branded equivalent.

HOW ARE THEY REGULATED IN INDIA?

  • Drugs manufactured in the country, irrespective of whether they are generic or branded, are required to comply with the same standards as prescribed in the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Rules, 1945made thereunder for their quality.

TREND OF BRANDED GENERIC DRUGS

  • In the USA, when a new drug is launched only the company that holds the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) patent are legally allowed to sell the drug, thus giving them market monopoly.
  • In India, however, there were no patent laws till 2005which meant that anyone could replicate any drug in India without legal ramifications. This led to the trend of branded generic drugs which has 99.5% of the country’s generic drug share.

WHAT IS ‘BRANDED GENERICS’?

BrandedGenerics

  • In 2005, there was only process patents and product patents. Under process patent, pharmaceutical companies can produce a drug molecule by a different process and market it as a brand of their choice hence there are several brands of the same drug molecule available in the market.
  • They are not brands in true sense, as they are not marketed by the innovator. Hence they are called ‘branded generics’.

WHY AREN’T GENERIC DRUGS MORE POPULAR?

  • Distinct lack of awarenessabout them.
  • Since they are cheap, people who can afford branded drugs don’t buy them believing themto be of inferior quality.
  • Most of the private doctors never hand out generic drugs because there are no incentives involved from pharma companies.

KEY FACTS

  • Janaushadhi Diwas is celebrated across the India on March 7.

 [Ref: PIB]

 

National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT)

National Mission on Education through Information and Communication and Technology (NMEICT) is an ambitious project undertaken by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD).

NMEICT-IAstoppers

MORE ABOUT NMEICT:

  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme to leverage the potential of ICT, in teaching and learning process for the benefit of all the learners in Higher Education Institutions.
  • “Train 10 thousand teachers” (T10KT) is a major initiative under the NMEICT, in which IIT Kharagpur and IIT Bombay are working as partner institutes to improve the teaching skills of engineering college teachers in core Engineering and Science subjects.

OBJECTIVES

  • To bridge the digital divide, i.e. the gap in the skills to use computing devices for the purpose of teaching and learning among urban and rural teachers in Higher Education and empower those, who have remained untouched by the digital revolution.
  • To focus on appropriate pedagogy for e-learning, providing facility of performing experiments through virtual laboratorieson-line availability of teachers to guide, utilization of available Education Satellite (EduSAT) and Direct to Home platform.
  • To enhance the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in Higher Education by 5 percentage points during the XI Five Year Plan period.

COMPONENTS OF NMEICT

  • Providing connectivity, along with provision for access devices, to institutions and learners
  • Content generation
[Ref: PIB]

 

 Science & Technology

Govt reiterates its commitment to provide Wi-Fi in all villages through GramNet

At the 36th Foundation Day celebrations of Centre for Development of Telematics (C-DOT), C-DOT has launched its latest innovations: C-Sat-FiC-DOT’s XGSPON and C-DOT’s Interoperable Set-Top Box (CiSTB).

Wi-Fi-in-all-villages

  • On the occasion, the government reiterated its commitment to provide Wi-Fi in all the villages through GramNet with connectivity between 10 Mbps to 100 Mbps speed. 

C-SAT-FI (C-DOT SATELLITE WIFI):

  • It is based on the optimal utilization of wireless and satellite communication to extend connectivity to the unserved areas including the remote islands and difficult terrains.
  • Besides offering the ease of deployment, the solution is ideally suited to addressing disasters and emergencies when no other means of communication are available.
  • This cost-effective solution does not require expensive Satellite Phones and can work on any WiFi-enabled phone.

C-DOT’S XGSPON (10 G SYMMETRICAL PASSIVE OPTICAL NETWORK):

xgs-pon-iastoppers

  • It will help in meeting the demands of applications like IPTV, HD Video Streaming, Online Gaming and host of other cloud-based services that necessitate the seamless availability of high bandwidth.

C-DOT’S INTEROPERABLE SET-TOP BOX (CISTB):

cistb

  • This solution will revolutionize the experience of the Cable TV operators by offering them a high degree of choice, ease and convenience without having to replace the once installed STB.
[Ref: PIB]

 

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