PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 28th February 2020 – IASToppers

Launch of UKIERI-UGC for Administrators in New Delhi; Higher Education Leadership Development Programme for Administrator; National Technical Textiles Mission; Current scenario of Indian textiles segment; What are Technical textiles?; ICoSDiTAUS-2020; New Delhi Declaration on Collection and Classification of Traditional Medicine (TM) Diagnostic Data; International Classification of Diseases (ICD); National Science Day 2020; National Awards for Science Popularization; Raman effect; What is a wavelength?
By IASToppers
March 02, 2020

Contents

Government Schemes & Policies

  • Cabinet gives clearance forTechnical Textiles Mission

Issues related to Health & Education

  • Conference on Standardisation of AYUSH Terminologies concludes in Delhi
  • Launch of UKIERI-UGC for Administrators in New Delhi

Defence & Security Issues

  • EX Indradhanush – V 2020

Science & Technology

  • National Science Day 2020
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Government Schemes & Policies

Cabinet gives clearance for Technical Textiles Mission

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved the setting up of a National Technical Textiles Mission at a total outlay of ₹1,480 Crore.

About the Mission

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/ERsq-ewXUAMAjYh?format=jpg&name=small

Objective:  To position India as a global leader in technical textiles and increase the use of technical textiles in the domestic market.

Implementation: For 4 years from 2020-2021.

Components of the National Technical Textiles Mission

Component -l (Research, Innovation and Development)

  • Will focus on research and development at both, fibre level and application-based in geo, agro, medical, sports and mobile textiles and development of bio-degradable technical textiles.
  • Research activities will also focus on development of indigenous machinery and process equipment.
  • Will have an outlay of ₹1,000 crores.

Component -II (Promotion and Market Development)

  • Will be for promotion and development of market for technical textiles.
  • Will aim at average growth rate of 15-20% per annum taking the level of domestic market size to 40-50 Billion USD by the year 2024.

Component – III (Export Promotion)

  • Will focus on export promotion so that technical textile exports from the country reach from the ₹14,000 crore now to ₹20,000 crores by 2021-2022.
  • Ensure 10% average growth every year till the Mission ends.
  • An export promotion council for technical textiles will be set up.

Component- IV (Education, Training, Skill Development)

  • Will promote technical education at higher engineering and technology levels related to technical textiles and its application areas.

Significance of the Mission

  • The Mission will focus on usage of technical textiles in various flagship missions, including strategic sectors. The use of technical textiles in agriculture, aquaculture, dairy, poultry, etc. JalJivan Mission; Swachch Bharat Mission; Ayushman Bharat will bring an overall improvement in cost economy, water and soil conservation, better agricultural productivity and higher income to farmers per acre of land holding in addition to promotion of manufacturing and exports activities in India.
  • The use of geo-textiles in highways, railways and ports will result in robust infrastructure, reduced maintenance cost and higher life cycle of the infrastructure assets.
  • Promotion of innovation amongst young engineer will be taken up by the Mission; along with creation of incubation centres and promotion of ‘start-up’ and Ventures’.
  • The research output will be reposited with a ‘Trust with the Government for easy and assessable proliferation of the knowledge.
  • A sub-component of the research will focus on development of bio degradable technical textiles materials, particularly for agro-textiles, geo-textiles and medical textiles.
  • It will also develop suitable equipment for environmentally sustainable disposal of used technical textiles, with emphasis on safe disposal of medical and hygiene wastes.
  • There is another important sub-component in the research activity aiming at development of indigenous machineries and process equipment for technical textiles, in order to promote ‘Make In India’ and enable competitiveness of the industry by way of reduced capital costs.

Current scenario of Indian textiles segment

  • Indian technical textiles segment is estimated at $16 billion which is approximately 6% of the $250 billion global technical textiles market.
  • The penetration level of technical textiles in India varies between 5% and 10% against the level of 30% to 70% in developed countries.
  • Indian textile industry is the 2nd largest manufacturer and exporter in the world, after China.
  • The share of textile and clothing in India’s total exports stands at a significant 13 % (2017-18).
  • The textile industry contributes to 7% of industry output in value terms, 2% of India’s GDP and to 15% of the country’s export earnings.

What are Technical textiles?

  • Technical textiles are textiles materials manufactured primarily for technical performance and functional properties rather than aesthetic characteristics.
  • Technical Textiles products are divided into 12 broad categories (Agrotech, Buildtech, Clothtech, Geotech, Hometech, Indutech, Mobiltech, Meditech, Protech, Sportstech, Oekotech, Packtech) depending upon their application areas.
[Ref: The Hindu, PIB]

Issues related to Health & Education

Conference on Standardisation of AYUSH Terminologies concludes in Delhi

ICoSDiTAUS-2020 concluded in New Delhi with adopting the “New Delhi Declaration on Collection and Classification of Traditional Medicine (TM) Diagnostic Data”.

  • The 16 participating countries of this conference are Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Serbia, Curacao, Cuba, Myanmar, Equatorial Guinea, Qatar, Ghana, Bhutan, Uzbekistan, India, Switzerland, Iran, Jamaica and Japan.

About ICoSDiTAUS-2020

  • ICoSDiTAUS stands for International Conference on Standardisation of Diagnosis and Terminologies in Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha Systems of Medicine.
  • ICoSDiTAUS 2020 was the biggest ever such international event, jointly organized by the Ministry of AYUSH and WHO.

New Delhi declaration

  • New Delhi declaration emphasised the commitment of the countries to Traditional Medicine as a significant area of health care.

International Classification of Diseases (ICD)

  • ICD, under the aegis of the WHO, is the global standard for recording and reporting causes of death and morbidity.
  • ICD defines the universe of diseases, disorders, injuries and other related health conditions, listed in a comprehensive, hierarchical fashion.
  • It is mainly used to monitor the incidence and prevalence of diseases, determine case-mix for reimbursement and resource allocation, and keeping track of patient safety and quality guidelines.
  • The first international classification edition, known as the International List of Causes of Death, was adopted by the International Statistical Institute in 1893.

Traditional Medicine (TM) Systems in ICD

  • TM Conditions, which were earlier not part of ICD, have been included for the first time in 11th Revision (which is currently under implementation) of ICD.
  • The inclusion of the TM Chapter in ICD-11 is a breakthrough, as it provides an instrument that will enable counting and comparing TM conditions, and offer the means for comparing research and evaluate its results.
[Ref: PIB]

Launch of UKIERI-UGC for Administrators in New Delhi

The Union Minister for Human Resource Development, launched ‘Higher Education Leadership Development Programme for Administrator’.

About Higher Education Leadership Development Programme for Administrator

  • It is a joint initiative of University Grants Commission (UGC) and British Council under the auspices of UK India Education and Research Initiative (UKIERI).
  • It aims to deliver a leadership development programme for middle and senior level administrative functionaries in Indian Universities.

Implementation

  • The UGC will conduct this programme in collaboration with Advance HE (a Training provider institution based in UK).
  • This programme includes workshops conducted by UK trainers, which will train about 300 academic administrators in the level of Registrar and Joint/Deputy/Assistant Registrar.
  • Further, to make the programme sustainable, 30 future leadership development programme trainers from among the 300 participants will be chosen and will be given additional training to train others.

Significance

  • Address the critical aspect of enhancing leadership capacity in the mid and senior level functionaries of Indian Universities.
  • The programme will serve as a stimulant for the functionaries to improve their which consequently enhance the institutional profile and reputation of Universities in India.
[Ref: PIB]

Defence & Security Issues

EX Indradhanush – V 2020 

The Indian Air Force (IAF) and Royal Air Force (RAF) jointly commenced the fifth edition of Ex Indradhanush.

  • The theme of the Exercise Indradhanush V was ‘Base Defence and Force Protection’.

About Exercise Indradhanush

  • Exercise Indradhanush is a joint air force exercise conducted by the Royal Air Force of United Kingdom and the Indian Air Force.
  • The exercise was started in 2006.
[Ref: PIB]

Science & Technology

National Science Day 2020

National Science Day (NSD) was celebrated in India on 28th February with ‘Women in science’ as the focal theme of the programme.

  • On this day, several awards were also given by president of India including National Science and Technology and Communication Awards, Augmenting Writing Skills For Articulating Research (AWSAR) awards, SERB Women Excellence Awards and National Award For Young Woman Showing Excellence Through Application Of Technology For Societal Benefits.

About National Science Day

  • Since 1986, National Science Day is celebrated every year on 28 February to commemorate the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’.
  • National Council for Science & Technology Communication (NCSTC), Department of Science and Technology (DST) acts as a nodal agency to coordinate celebration of the National Science Day with the Department of Science and Technology. 
  • National Awards for Science Popularization are presented every year on National Science Day.
  • National Science Day is the only day in the year when all prominent institutes in the country are open for public.

National Awards for Science Popularization

Raman effect:

  • Raman Effect was discovered by Sir C.V. Raman for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1930.
raman effect
  • Raman effect is the scattering of a photon (light) by surface molecules which are excited to higher vibrational or rotational energy levels, also called Raman scattering.
  • Raman noticed that when a light beam travels through a medium, the beam is deflected by the molecules of sample/surface.
  • But more important he observed that a small part of the emerging light beam, after deflection by the molecules, had a different wave length from the original beam. This change in wavelength of the light beam is known as the Raman Effect.
  • The science that deals with this change of frequency is referred to as Raman spectroscopy.

Raman effect application:

  • Raman scanners are used by narcotics squads and airports to detect drugs.
  • Raman amplification is used in optical amplifiers.
  • The Raman effect is also involved in producing the appearance of the blue sky.
  • For solid materials, Raman scattering is used as a tool to detect high-frequency particle excitation.
  • Raman lidar is used in to measure the atmospheric extinction coefficient and the water vapour vertical distribution.

What is a wavelength?

Image result for what is wavelength
  • Wavelength is the distance between two successive crests or troughs of a wave.
[Ref: PIB]

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