- 155th birth anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai
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155th birth anniversary of Lala Lajpat Rai
Lala Lajpat Rai’s 155th birth anniversary celebrated on January 28, 2020.
ABOUT LALA LAJPAT RAI
- Born at Dhudike near Ludhiana in Punjab in 1865, he is known as the Punjab Kesari (The Lion of the Punjab).
- He studied law at the Government College, Lahore and had a legal practice in that city.
- Early in life, he became a follower of Dayanand Saraswati, the founder of the Arya Samaj, and went on to become one of the society’s leaders.
- He joined the Indian National Congress at the age of 16.
- In 1885, he established the Dayanand Anglo-Vedic School in Lahore.
- He also helped found the Punjab National Bank.
- Rai, Tilak, and Bipin Chandra Pal (called Lal-Bal-Pal) advocated the use of Swadeshi goods and mass agitation in the aftermath of the controversial Partition of Bengal in 1905 by Lord Curzon.
- After taking part in a demonstration in Punjab in 1907, colonial authorities deported Rai to Mandalay in present-day Myanmar without trial, but he was allowed to return the same year for lack of evidence.
- He founded the Indian Home Rule League of America in New York City in 1917.
- He was elected President of the Kolkata Indian National Congress Session (1920), which saw the launch of Mahatma Gandhi’s Non-cooperation Movement.
- In 1920, representatives of trade unions established the All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) under the Chairmanship of Lala Lajpat Rai.
- In 1924, he openly advocated the partition of the Punjab into Hindu and Muslim Provinces.
- He died at Lahore in 1928 after he was attacked by police during a protest rally against the Simon Commission.
Works of Lala Lajpat Rai
- He wrote extensively in English and Urdu.
- His important works include: ‘The Arya Samaj’, ‘Young India’, ‘England’s Debt to India’, ‘Evolution of Japan’, ‘India’s Will to Freedom’, ‘Message of the Bhagwad Gita’, ‘Political Future of India’, ‘Problem of National Education in India’, ‘The Depressed Glasses’, and the travelogue ‘United States of America’.