PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 28th November 2019 – IASToppers

Exercise Mitra Shakti-VII: 2019; Sustainable Alternative Towards Affordable Transportation (SATAT); Bio-gas; GOBAR-DHAN Scheme; NuGen Mobility Summit-2019; ICAT Manesar; National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project (NATRiP); etc.
By IASToppers
November 28, 2019

Contents

Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

  • Production of CNG from Stubble

Key Facts for Prelims

  • Exercise Mitra Shakti-VII: 2019
  • Minister of Road Transport inaugurates NuGen Mobility Summit-2019

 

[Note: Today’s PIB Daily News are already covered in Today’s Current Affairs Analysis. This PIB News Analysis news are only for those who wants to get only PIB news]

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Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

Production of CNG from Stubble

As part of the SATAT scheme, several PSUs Including Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited had launched an Expression of Interest (EOI) for procurement of CBG from the entrepreneurs at an assured price.

Production-of-CNG-from-Stubble

ABOUT SUSTAINABLE ALTERNATIVE TOWARDS AFFORDABLE TRANSPORTATION (SATAT)

sustainable-alternative-towards-affordable-transportation-(satat)-IASToppers

  • Launched 2018, SATAT is aimed at promoting Compressed Bio-Gas (CBG) as an alternative, green transport fuel for efficient management of biomass and organic waste.
  • Similar to LNG, the CBG produced under SDATAT can be sold to automobiles as clean fuel, and to domestic, industrial and commercial consumers which are using LPG and other fuels.

BIO-GAS

  • Bio-gas is produced naturally through a process of anaerobic decomposition from waste/ bio-mass sources like agriculture residue, cattle dung, sugarcane press mud, municipal solid waste, sewage treatment plant waste, etc.
  • After purification, it is compressed and called CBG, which has pure methane content of over 95%.
  • Compressed Bio-Gas is exactly similar to the commercially available natural gas in its composition and energy potential.
  • With calorific value (~52,000 KJ/kg) and other properties similar to CNG, Compressed Bio-Gas can be used as an alternative, renewable automotive fuel.

BENEFITS OF CBG ON A COMMERCIAL SCALE

  • Responsible waste management, reduction in carbon emissions and pollution
  • Additional revenue source for farmers
  • Boost to entrepreneurship, rural economy and employment
  • Support to national commitments in achieving climate change goals
  • Reduction in import of natural gas and crude oil
  • Buffer against crude oil/gas price fluctuations

GOBAR-DHAN SCHEME

GOBAR-DHAN-Scheme

  • The Government of India had launched the GOBAR-DHAN (Galvanising Organic Bio-Agro Resources) scheme in 2018 to convert cattle dung and solid waste in farms to CBG and compost.
  • It is funded under Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM) component of Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin (SBM-G) to benefit households in identified villages. The scheme proposes to cover 700 projects across India in 2018-19.

WAY FORWARD

Compressed Bio-Gas networks can be integrated with city gas distribution (CGD) networks to boost supplies to domestic and retail users in existing and upcoming markets. Besides retailing from OMC (oil marketing company) fuel stations, Compressed Bio-Gas can at a later date be injected into CGD pipelines too for efficient distribution and optimised access of a cleaner and more affordable fuel.

 [Ref: PIB]

 

Key Facts for Prelims

Exercise Mitra Shakti-VII: 2019

The 7th edition of India-Sri Lanka joint training exercise, Exercise MITRA SHAKTI– 2019 is scheduled to be conducted at Foreign Training Node (FTN), Pune. The sixth edition of the exercise was held in Sri Lanka.

Mitra Shakti’ with Sri Lanka

ABOUT MITRA SHAKTI EXERCISE

Exercise-Mitra-Shakti-1

  • The aim of this exercise is to build positive relations between armies of India and Sri Lanka with focus on sub unit level training for counter insurgency & counter terrorism operations in urban and rural environment under United Nations mandate.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Minister of Road Transport inaugurates NuGen Mobility Summit-2019

Minister of Road Transport inaugurated NuGen Mobility Summit-2019 at International Center of Automotive Technology (ICAT), Manesar in Haryana.

Nitin-Gadkari-inaugurates-NuGen-Mobility-Summit-2019

ABOUT ICAT MANESAR

  • International Centre for Automotive Technology (ICAT) Manesar is a division of NATRIP Implementation Society (NATIS) under the Department of Heavy Industries, India.
  • It provides services for testing, validation, design and homologation of all categories of vehicles. It assists the automotive industry in adopting cutting edge technologies in vehicle evaluation and component development.

ABOUT NATIONAL AUTOMOTIVE TESTING AND R&D INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECT (NATRIP):

National Automotive Testing and R&D Infrastructure Project

  • NATRiP aims at creating core global competencies in Automotive sector in India.
  • It facilitates seamless integration of Indian Automotive industry with the world as also to position the country prominently on the global automotive map.
[Ref: PIB]

 

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