Swachh-Bharat-Mission-Gramin-IASToppers
PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 28th September 2019 – IASToppers

Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin; 10 Year Rural Sanitation Strategy (2019-2029); Location of Estonia; Location of New Zealand; ODF; ODF+; ODF++;
By IASToppers
September 28, 2019

Contents

Government Schemes & Policies

  • National Launch of 10 Year Rural Sanitation Strategy (2019-2029)

Bilateral & International Relations

  • Prime Minister met with President of Estonia
  • Bilateral meeting of Prime Minister with Prime Minister of New Zealand

 

[Note: Today’s PIB Daily News are already covered in Today’s Current Affairs Analysis. This PIB News Analysis news are only for those who wants to get only PIB news]

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Government Schemes & Policies

National Launch of 10 Year Rural Sanitation Strategy (2019-2029)

The Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation (DDWS) launched the 10 Year Rural Sanitation Strategy (2019-2029), which focus on sustaining the sanitation behavior change that has been achieved under the Swachh Bharat Mission Grameen (SBM-G) and increasing access to solid and liquid waste management

National-Launch-of-10-Year-Rural-Sanitation-Strategy-(2019-2029)-IAStoppers

ABOUT 10 YEAR RURAL SANITATION STRATEGY (2019-2029)

  • The 10-year strategy focuses on the need for States/UTs to continue their efforts to sustain the gains of the SBM-G through capacity strengthening.
  • The framework, to be in place from 2019 to 2029, will ensure that people sustain their usage of toilets.
  • It will also focus on proper implementation of solid and liquid waste management (SLWM) — plastic waste, organic waste, grey water, and faecal sludge — in rural areas.

Key features of the strategy:

  • They include the retrofitting of single pit toilets to twin pits or making provisions to empty pits every five years, repair of defunct ones, and construction of soak pits for septic tanks wherever not already present.
  • A district-level training management unit (TMU) will be set up to provide oversight and support to gram panchayats (GPs) so that they ensure the operation and maintenance of sanitation infrastructure.
  • The gram panchayats (GPs) are also supposed to conduct rapid assessment of water and sanitation gaps.
  • Alternative funding: The government funding is the primary source of financing in the sanitation sector. Alternative self-financing by gradual leveraging of community resources in the form of tariffs for ODF plus activities is also suggested.
  • It will follow the same 60:40 financing model as being followed till now in Swachh Bharat. It will be finalised after the cabinet’s approval.
  • The framework also talks about state-specific strategies on menstrual hygiene management, including menstrual waste management, which may be supported under the ODF plus strategy.

AIM OF SWACHH BHARAT MISSION-GRAMIN ODF

ODF,-ODF+,-ODF++-IASToppers

  • Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin seeks to eliminate open defecation in rural areas by 2019 through improving access to sanitation.
  • It also seeks to generate awareness to motivate communities to adopt sustainable sanitation practices, and encourage the use of appropriate technologies for sanitation.
  • SBM-Gramin mainly focuses on ensuring the use of toilets, besides their construction.
  • The States and their implementing agencies will be given incentives for meeting performance standards: reducing open defecation, sustaining their open defecation-free status and improving solid and liquid waste management in rural areas.
  • Open Defecation Free (ODF) flagship is taken ahead by ODF+ and ODF++.

ODF+

  • ODF+ protocol says that a city, ward or work circle could be declared ODF+ if, “at any point of the day, not a single person is found defecating and/or urinating in the open, and all community and public toilets are functional and well-maintained.

ODF++

  • A city / ward / work circle can be notified/ declared as SBM ODF++ city/ SBM ODF++ ward/ SBM ODF++ work circle if, at any point of the day, not a single person is found defecating and/or urinating in the open, all community and public toilets are functional and well maintained.
  • Cities that have been certified SBM ODF+ at least once shall thereafter be eligible to declare themselves as SBM ODF++ and apply for certification of SBM ODF++ status.

Why Open Defecation + and Open Defecation ++?

  • To ensure the sustainability and long term impact of the ODF status.
  • The SBM ODF+ and SBM ODF++ protocols build upon the ODF protocol while keeping true to its provisions, so as to provide a platform for cities and towns to improve sanitation sustainability.

WHAT IS GREYWATER AND BLACKWATER?

  • Greywater is wastewater from non-toilet plumbing fixtures such as showers, basins and taps.
  • Blackwater is water that has been mixed with waste from the toilet.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Bilateral & International Relations

Prime Minister met with President of Estonia

Indian Prime Minister met President of the Republic of Estonia on the sidelines of UN General Assembly’s 74th Session.

Prime-Minister's-meeting-with-President-of-Estonia-on-sidelines-of-UNGA-74-IASToppers

  • Both leaders discussed steps to deepen bilateral cooperation in the domain of e-Governance, Cyber security and Innovation.
  • Prime Minister further thanked Estonia for its support to India’s candidature for UNSC non-permanent seat for 2021-2022.

LOCATION OF ESTONIA

Location of Estonia

Location of Estonia2

  • Estonia shares land borders with 2 countries: Latvia, Russia.
  • It is also bordered by the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Riga and Gulf of Finland.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Bilateral meeting of Prime Minister with Prime Minister of New Zealand

Prime Minister met Prime Minister of New Zealand on the sidelines of UN General Assembly’s 74th Session in New York.

PM-Modi,-New-Zealand-PM-meet-in-New-York;-discuss-international-terrorism-IASTopeprs

HIGHLIGHTS OF THE MEETING

  • The New Zealand PM informed Indian PM about their New strategic paper “India 2022- Investing in the relationship”, which is a continuation of the NZ Inc. India Strategy 2011.
  • New Zealand PM noted that Indian diaspora and students in New Zealand is important bridge between the two nations and contributing to bonds of friendship between the two countries.
  • Both countries have strongly condemned and extended support to each other following the Pulwama and Christchurch terror attacks. India had also supported the joint New Zealand French initiative on Christchurch Call of Action.

LOCATION OF NEW ZEALAND

Location of New Zealand

  • New Zealand is island country located in the South Pacific Ocean.
  • It is completely surrounded by the Tasman Sea and the Pacific Ocean.
  • The country comprises two main islands, the North and South islands and a number of small islands.
  • It also administers the South Pacific island group of Tokelau.
[Ref: PIB]

 

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