PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 29th January 2020 – IASToppers

Ramsar site tag; Ramsar convention; Montreux Record; Loktak Lake, Manipur;
By IASToppers
January 29, 2020


Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

  • 10 more wetlands from India get the Ramsar site tag


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Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

10 more wetlands from India get the Ramsar site tag

India has added 10 more wetlands to sites protected by the Ramsar Convention.

India has added 10 more wetlands to sites protected by the Ramsar Convention. 1

  • With this, a total of 37 sites in the country have been recognised under the international treaty.

Newly added:

Uttar Pradesh: Nawabganj, Parvati Agra, Saman, Samaspur, Sandi and Sarsai Nawar

Punjab: Keshopur-Miani, Beas Conservation Reserve and Nangal

Maharashtra: Nandur Madhameshwar [first in Maharashtra]

The other Ramsar sites are in Rajasthan, Kerala, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal, Jammu and Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Manipur, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Tripura.

About Ramsar convention:

  • The Convention on Wetlands was signed in Ramsar, a city in Iran, in 1971.


  • It came into force in 1975.
  • It is the intergovernmental treaty that provides the framework for the conservation and wise use of wetlandsand their resources.
  • The world’s first Ramsar site was the Cobourg Peninsula in Australia, designated in 1974.


  • The mission of Ramsar Convention is “the conservation and wise use of all wetlands through local and national actions and international cooperation, as a contribution towards achieving sustainable development throughout the world”.

Under the “three pillars” of the Convention, the Contracting Parties commit to:

  • Work towards the wise use of all their wetlands
  • Designate suitable wetlands for the list of Wetlands of International Importance (the “Ramsar List”) and ensure their effective management
  • Cooperate internationally on transboundary wetlands, shared wetland systems and shared species.

In India:

  • India is a party to the Convention since 1982 and committed to the Ramsar approach of wise use of wetlands.
  • India currently has 37 sites designated as Wetlands.
  • Recently Sunderbans Wetland, West Bengal was added to this list on 30th January, 2019.

In India

About Montreux Record:

  • Montreux Record under the Convention is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference.

The Montreux Record was established by Recommendation of the Conference of the Contracting Parties (1990).

  • The Montreux Record maintained as part of the Ramsar List.
  • The Montreux Record was established by recommendation of the Conference of the Contracting Parties (1990).
  • Sites may be added to and removed from the Record only with the approval of the Contracting Parties in which they lie.

Indian wetlands of International importance included in the Montreux Record are –

  • Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan
  • Loktak Lake, Manipur

Chilika Lake was removed from the register in 2002, which is the first Ramsar site in Asia to be removed from the Montreux record.

Loktak Lake, Manipur:

  • Loktak Lake is the freshwater lake in Northeast India and is famous for the phumdis floating over it.
  • Phumdis are heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil and organic matter at various stages of decomposition.
  • Located on this phumdi, Keibul Lamjao National Park is the only floating national park in the world.
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