PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 30th January 2020 – IASToppers

Martyrs' Day; National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Bill, 2019 (NCIM); What is Aspirational Districts Programme? Global Challenges of NTD; International Solar Alliance (ISA); Independent Power Producers; SAMPRITI-IX; etc.
By IASToppers
January 30, 2020

Contents

Polity & Governance

  • Cabinet approves proposal for amendments in NCIM, 2019
  • Tongo hands over letter of engagement to NTPC

Government Schemes & Policies

  • Chandauli district tops NITI Aayog’s ranking in Dec

Defence & Security Issues

  • India-Bangladesh JT Exercise SAMPRITI-IX

Indian History

  • PM Pays Tributes to Mahatma Gandhi on Martyrs Day
[Note: Today’s PIB Daily News are already covered in Today’s Current Affairs Analysis. This PIB News Analysis news are only for those who wants to get only PIB news]

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Polity & Governance

Cabinet approves proposal for amendments in NCIM, 2019

The Union Cabinet has given its approval for proposal of Official Amendments in the National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Bill, 2019 (NCIM).

Cabinet approves proposal for amendments in NCIM, 2019

  • Main objective of establishing NCIM is to promote equity by ensuring adequate supply of quality medical professionals and enforce high ethical standards in all aspects of medical services in Indian System of Medicine.

COMPOSITION AND APPOINTMENT OF MEMBERS:

  • The NCISM will consist of 29 members, appointed by the central government.

National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Bill, 2019 (NCIM) 2

  • Search Committee will recommend names to the central government for the post of Chairperson, part time members, and presidents of the four autonomous boards set up under the NCISM.
  • These posts will have a maximum term of four years.
  • The Search Committee will consist of five members including the Cabinet Secretary and three experts nominated by the central government (of which two should have experience in any of the fields of Indian System of Medicine).

FUNCTIONS OF THE NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR INDIAN SYSTEM OF MEDICINE:

  • Framing policies for regulating medical institutions and medical professionals of Indian System of Medicine,

National Commission for Indian System of Medicine Bill, 2019 (NCIM) 1

  • Assessing the requirements of healthcare related human resources and infrastructure,
  • Ensuring compliance by the State Medical Councils of Indian System of Medicine of the regulations made under the Bill, and
  • Ensuring coordination among the autonomous boards set up under the Bill.

SIGNIFICANCE:

  • The Commission will promote availability of affordable healthcare services in all parts of the country.
  • The Commission has been structured to streamline the functions related to academic standards, evaluation, assessment and accreditation of educational institutions pertaining to Indian System of Medicine.

For information on the proposed amendments in the National Medical Bill, refer IASTopper’s video summary: https://www.iastoppers.com/rstv-big-picture-national-medical-commission-bill-2019/

[Ref: PIB]

 

Tongo hands over letter of engagement to NTPC

The Letter of Engagement of National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) as PMC (Project Management Consultant) for development about 300 MW Solar Power Projects by Togo was handed over by Embassy of Togo to NTPC.

Tongo hands over letter of engagement to NTPC

  • Togo is the first ISA Country to avail the services of NTPC.

About National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC):

  • NTPC Limited is a Power Major and a Public Sector Company of Government of India, owning an installed Power capacity of more than 58,000 MW which include 870 MW of Solar Projects.

About National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)

  • Apart from development of own Solar projects, the Company has been the nodal Agency for development of more than 4000 MW of Solar Projects on Independent Power Producers (IPP) Model.

About International Solar Alliance (ISA):

  • ISA is initiative jointly launched by India and France in 2015 at Paris on side lines of COP21 UN Climate Change Conference.

International Solar Alliance (ISA).

  • It is a treaty-based international organization.
  • It is a group of 121 solar resource-rich countries. 83 countries have signed the ISA framework agreement. 58 countries have ratified the ISA agreement.
  • It is headquartered at campus of National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE), Gurugram, Harayana, making it first international intergovernmental treaty based organization to be headquartered in India.
  • Currently, the ISA is not funding projects directly, but assist member countries in finding suitable bilateral or multilateral funding. The World Bank and French Development Agency are developing a Solar Risk Mitigation Facility for this purpose.
  • Presently there are 6 Programmes of ISA to develop Solar capacities in Member Countries which include Agricultural Pumps, Mini grids, Rooftop Solar, Large Scale Grid connected Projects etc.

Objectives of ISA:

  • Undertake joint efforts required to reduce the cost of finance and the cost of technology
  • Deploy over 1,000 gigawatts of solar energy and mobilize more than US $1000 billion of investments needed by 2030 for massive deployment of solar energy

Who can join the International Solar Alliance?

  • Must be Solar resource-rich States which lie fully or partially between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.
  • Must be member of the United Nations.

Funding from India:

  • India will contribute Rs. 160 crores to the ISA over 5-year duration from 2016-17 to 2020-21. India will release additional Rs. 15 crores in the year 2020-21.

About Togo:

  • It is a Country in West Africa and Member of International Solar Alliance (ISA).
  • It has set an ambitious plan to achieve universal electricity access by 2030 with focus on capacity addition in Solar Power generation.

Location of Togo:

  • Located in Africa, togo shares land borders with 3 countries: Burkina Faso, Ghana, Benin.

Location-of-Togo

Key Fact:

  • Swiss Challenge is a method of bidding, often used in public projects, in which an interested party initiates a proposal for a contract or the bid for a project.
  • Independent Power Producers (IPPs) or non-utility generator (NUG) are private entities, which own and or operate facilities to generate electricity and then sell it to a utility, central government buyer and end users.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Government Schemes & Policies

Chandauli district tops NITI Aayog’s ranking in Dec

Chandauli district in Uttar Pradesh topped the list of aspirational districts delta ranked by the NITI Aayog in December, followed by Belangir (Odisha) and YSR (Andhra Pradesh).

NITI Aayog recently released the ranking of Aspirational Districts of the country for the month of December 2019

Methodology of ranking:

  • The districts have been ranked on parameters across 6indicators: Health and nutrition, agriculture and water resources, education, skill development, financial inclusion and basic infrastructure.

About-Aspirational-Districts-Programme-2

  • The rankings are based on the data that is publicly available through the Champions of Change Dashboard, which includes data entered on a real-time basis at the district level.

What is Aspirational Districts Programme?

  • ‘Aspirational Districts’ programme was launched in January, 2018 with an aim to quickly and effectively transform some of the most underdeveloped districts in the country.

About Aspirational Districts Programme

  • The broad contours of the programme are Convergence (of Central & State Schemes), Collaboration (of Central, State level ‘Prabhari’ Officers & District Collectors), and Competition among districts driven by a Mass Movement or a Jan Andolan.
  • With States as the main drivers, this program focuses on the strength of each district, identify low-hanging fruits for immediate improvement, measure progress, and rank districts.

6 Thematic areas of Aspirational Districts’ programme:

Health & Nutrition, Education, Agriculture & Water Resources, Financial Inclusion & Skill Development, and Basic Infrastructure.

Background:

  • From May 2018, Districts were ranked on their “incremental progress” i.e. Delta Ranking, exemplifying the spirit of competitive federalism.
  • Till now, the NITI Aayog has conducted two Delta ranking of the Aspirational Districts in 2018.
  • The ranking of aspirational districts is done every month.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Defence & Security Issues

India-Bangladesh JT Exercise SAMPRITI-IX 

As part of the ongoing Indo-Bangladesh defence cooperation, a joint military training exercise SAMPRITI-IX is being conducted at UMROI, Meghalaya, India from 03 Feb to 16 Feb 2020.

joint military exercise SAMPRITI-IX a Command Post Exercise (CPX) and a Field Training Exercise (FTX) will be conducted

Highlights of the exercise:

  • During the exercise, a Command Post Exercise (CPX) and a Field Training Exercise (FTX) will be conducted.

exercise SAMPRITI-IX is being conducted

  • For both the CPX and FTX, a scenario where both nations are working together in a Counter Terrorism environment will be simulated under the UN Charter.

About Exercise SAMPRIT:

  • It is a bilateral defence cooperation between India and Bangladesh.
  • It is hosted alternately by both countries.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Indian History

PM Pays Tributes to Mahatma Gandhi on Martyrs Day

Prime Minister of India paid tributes on 72nd Anniversary of the Martyrdom Day of Mahatma Gandhi.

Prime Minister Pays Tributes to the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi on Martyrs Day

About Martyrs’ Day:

  • Martyrs’ Day is observed annually on January 30 and March 23 to give respect to the soldiers who lost their lives defending the sovereignty of India.

Why January 30 and March 23?

  • January 30: Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated at Gandhi Smriti in the Birla House on January 30, 1948.
  • March 23: Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar were hanged to death by the British on March 23, 1931.

Martyrs’ Day is also celebrated on different days in different places:

  • July 13 in Jammu and Kashmir to memorise the death of 22 people who were killed in 1931 during a revolt against British atrocities.
  • November 17 in Odisha to observe the death anniversary of Lala Lajpat Ray.
  • November 19 in the Jhansi to celebrate birth of Rani Lakshmi Bai.
[Ref: PIB]
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