PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 31st January 2020 – IASToppers

Indian National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO (INCCU); What is Article VII of UNESCO; National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB); Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS); NCRB 2017 Report; The Homoeopathy Central Council (HCC) Act, 1973.
By IASToppers
January 31, 2020

Contents

Polity & Governance

  • NCRB Launches Missing Person Search, Generate Vehicle NOC services

Government Schemes & Policies

  • Indian National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO (INCCU)
  • Cabinet approves amendments of National Commission for Homoeopathy Bill, 2019

 

[Note: Today’s PIB Daily News are already covered in Today’s Current Affairs Analysis. This PIB News Analysis news are only for those who wants to get only PIB news]

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Polity & Governance

NCRB Launches Missing Person Search, Generate Vehicle NOC services

National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) launched Police related Citizen centric services on CCTNS platform and can be accessed in the existing ‘Digital Police Portal’. So far such services are being provided through the state citizen portals and it is the first time that these are being launched centrally.

NCRB has launched two online national-level services related to Search of Missing Persons and to Generate Vehicle NOC.

National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB):

  • National Crime Records Bureau is a part of central Home Ministry of India.

National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)

  • NCRB was set-up in 1986 to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.
  • It was set up based on the recommendation of the Task force and National Police Commission by merging the Directorate of Coordination and Police Computer (DCPC), Statistical Branch of BPR&D, Inter State Criminals Data Branch of CBI and Central Finger Print Bureau of CBI.

Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS):

  • Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS) is a Mission Mode Project (MMP) under the National e-Governance Plan of Govt. of India.
  • CCTNS is a project initiated in June 2009 which aims at creating an integrated system for enhancing the efficiency of policing at the Police Station level.

Objective:

  • Make the Police functioning citizen friendly by automating the functioning of Police Stations.
  • Improve delivery of citizen-centric services through effective usage of ICT.
  • Provide the Investigating Officers of the Civil Police with tools, technology and information to facilitate investigation of crime and detection of criminals.
  • Improve Police functioning in various other areas such as Law and Order, Traffic Management etc.
  • Facilitate interaction and sharing of information among Police Stations, Districts, State/UT headquarters and other Police Agencies.
  • Keep track of the progress of Cases, including in Courts.
  • Establishing a basic platform for an Inter-operable Criminal Justice System (ICJS).

What is CCTNS project

Significance:

  • Centralized crime and criminal information repository along with the criminal images and fingerprints with advanced search capabilities.
  • Enhanced ability to analyze crime patterns/ road incidents and/ or modus operandi.
  • Faster turnaround time for the analysis results (criminal and traffic).
  • Reduced workload for the police stations back-office activities.
  • Standardized means of capturing the crime and criminal data in police stations.
  • The ability to respond faster and with greater accuracy to inquiries from the parliament, citizens and citizen’s groups.
  • Faster and assured response from police to any emergency calls for assistance.

NCRB 2017 Report:

  • Recently, the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) released its latest data on crime incidents across the country.
  • According to the latest NCRB report, there has been a 30 per cent rise in incidents of offences against the state as compared to 2016.
  • This category includes offences such as sedition, waging war against the country and damage to public property among others.

damage to public property among others.

  • The maximum number of such offences were reported from Haryana (2,576) followed by UP (2,055).
  • The maximum number of sedition cases were reported from Assam (19) followed by Haryana (13). Jammu and Kashmir recorded just one case of sedition while Chhattisgarh and all North East states, barring Assam, recorded zero incident.
  • A new category of offences committed by various categories of “Anti-National Elements” showed that the maximum offences were committed by Left Wing Extremist (LWE) operatives followed by North East insurgents and Terrorists.
  • The maximum number of killings were carried out by LWE insurgents followed by Chhattisgarh and killings by terrorists.
  • According to the data, a total of 50,07,044 cognizable crimes — 30,62,579 Indian Penal Code (IPC) crimes and 19,44,465 Special & Local Laws (SLL) crimes — were registered in 2017, an increase of 3.6 per cent in registration of cases over 2016.
  • Majority cases under crimes against women out of the total IPC crimes against women were registered under ‘Cruelty by Husband or His Relatives’ (33.2 per cent) followed by ‘Assault on Women with Intent to Outrage her Modesty’ (27.3 per cent), ‘Kidnapping & Abduction of Women’ (21.0 per cent) and ‘Rape’ (10.3 per cent).
  • In percentage terms, major crime heads under ‘Crime Against Children’ during 2017 were kidnapping and abduction (42.0 per cent) and cases under the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 (25.3 per cent) including child rape.
[Ref: The Hindu, The Indian Express, PIB]

 

Government Schemes & Policies

Indian National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO (INCCU)

A meeting of the Indian National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO (INCCU) was held in New Delhi recently, chaired by the Union Human Resource Development Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’.

Indian National Commission for Cooperation with UNESCO (INCCU)

What is Article VII of UNESCO?

  • India has been a founding member of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, Cultural Organization (UNESCO), a specialized agency of the United Nations since its inception in 1946.
  • Article VII of the constitution of UNESCO requires that each Member State shall make such arrangements as suit its particular conditions for purposes of associating its principal bodies interested in educational, scientific and cultural matters with the work of the Organization, preferably by the formation of a National Commission broadly representative of the government of such bodies.
  • The National Commission or National Co-operating delegations to the General Conference and to their Governments in matters relating to the Organization and shall function as agencies of liaison in all matters of interest to it.

About INCCU:

  • UNESCO is the only UN body, which has encouraged its Member States to establish National Commissions to have liaison with it.

INCCU

  • A permanent Indian National Commission for Co-operation with UNESCO (INCCU) was established in 1951 by the Ministry of Education, Government of India.

Objectives:

  • Contribute towards fulfilment of the objectives of UNESCO while also strengthening India’s image globally.
  • Consistent efforts towards fulfilment of 2030 sustainable development goals (SDGs).

Functions of the Commission shall be:

  • To promote understanding of the objects and purposes of UNESCO among the people of India;
  • To serve as a liaison agency between the Government of India and the institutions concerned with the working for the advancement of education, science and culture;
  • To encourage participation of national, governmental and non-governmental institutions and various individuals in the formulations and execution of UNESCO’s programmes so as to secure for UNESCO all the intellectual, scientific artistic or administrative assistance that it may require;
  • To collaborate with the National Commissions of Asia and the Pacific and with UNESCO’s Regional Offices and centres in fostering regional, sub-regional and bilateral co-operation in education, the sciences, culture and information, particularly through the joint formulation and execution of programmes;
  • To disseminate information on the objectives, programme and activities of UNESCO and endeavour to arouse public interest in them; and
  • To advise the Government of India on matters relating to UNESCO.

Members:

  • The Minister of Human Resource Development shall be the President of the Commission and will presides over the meetings of the commission.
  • In the absence of the President, the Commission may elect a Chairman from among the members present to preside over each meeting.
  • The Secretary to the Government of India in the Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development is the Secretary General of the commission and remains in over-all charge of the work of the Commission;
  • The membership of the commission consists of the members of five Sub-Commissions namely, Sub-Commission for (i) education; (ii) Natural Sciences; (iii) Social Sciences; (iv) Culture; and (v) Communication.
[Ref: PIB, MHRD] 

 

Cabinet approves amendments of National Commission for Homoeopathy Bill, 2019

The Union Cabinet has given its approval to the official amendments in the National Commission for Homoeopathy Bill, 2019 for amending the Homoeopathy Central Council (HCC) Act, 1973.  Presently, the Bill is pending in Rajya Sabha.

Cabinet approves amendments of National Commission for Homoeopathy Bill, 2019

The amendments will:

  • Ensure necessary regulatory reforms in the field of Homoeopathy education.
  • Enable transparency and accountability for protecting the interest of the general public. The Commission will promote availability of affordable healthcare services in all parts of the country.

The Homoeopathy Central Council (HCC) Act, 1973:

  • It was enacted for constitution of a Central Council of Homoeopathy for regulation of education and practice of Homoeopathy, for maintenance of Central Register of Homoeopathy and for matters connected therewith.
  • This Act has been modelled on the pattern of the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956.
  • The broad functions, constitution, regulation making powers are identical to those of the Medical Council of India. 
  • While the Act provides a solid foundation for the growth of medical education and practice in Homoeopathy, but various bottlenecks in the functioning of Council have been experienced.
  • These bottlenecks have resulted in serious detrimental effects on medical education as well as delivery of quality Homoeopathy healthcare services.
[Ref: PIB]
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