PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 4th December 2019 – IASToppers

ROTAVAC-5D®; Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP); 'Hand-In-Hand' exercise; Rotavirus; Rotavirus in India;
By IASToppers
December 05, 2019

Contents

Government Schemes & Policies

  • Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP)

Issues related to Health & Education

  • Vice President launches new Rotavirus vaccine – ROTAVAC-5D®

Key Facts for Prelims

  • Curtain Raiser Exercise Hand-in-Hand-2019

 

[Note: Today’s PIB Daily News are already covered in Today’s Current Affairs Analysis. This PIB News Analysis news are only for those who wants to get only PIB news]

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Government Schemes & Policies

Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP)

Union Minister of Agriculture said that govt is working hard to empower women in agriculture by making systematic investments to enhance their participation and named Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP) as the central agency to do so.

Mahila-Kisan-Sashaktikaran-Pariyojana-(MKSP)

ABOUT MAHILA KISAN SASHAKTIKARAN PARIYOJANA

Mahila-Kisan-Sashaktikaran-Pariyojana-1

  • Launched in 2010-11, Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP) seeks to improve the present status of women in Agriculture, and to enhance the opportunities available to empower them.
  • It is a sub component of the Deendayal Antodaya Yojana-NRLM (DAY-NRLM).
  • The focus of MKSP is on capacitating smallholders to adopt sustainable climate resilient agro-ecology.
  • It focuses mainly on two themes: Sustainable agriculture and enhance livelihood of Non-timber forest producers (NTFP).
  • The central to state share in funding is 75:25.
  • Its objective is to strengthen smallholder agriculture through promotion of sustainable agriculture practices such as Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture (CMSA), Non-Pesticide Management (NPM), Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF), Pashu-Sakhi model for doorstep animal care services, Sustainable regeneration and harvesting of Non-Timber Forest Produce.

Implementation

  • The program is being implemented by DAY-NRLM in partnership with State Rural Livelihood Missions/ Community Based Organizations (CBOs)/NGOs, as implementing partners (PIAs).

NEED

  • More than 80% of rural women are engaged in agriculture activities for their livelihoods. About 20 % of farm livelihoods are female headed due to widowhood, desertion, or male emigration.
  • However, Agriculture support system in India encourages the exclusion of women from their entitlements as agriculture workers and cultivators. As agricultural workers, women are paid lower wage than men.
[Ref: PIB, Indian Express]

 

Issues related to Health & Education

Vice President launches new Rotavirus vaccine – ROTAVAC-5D®

The first generation, Rotavirus vaccine, ROTAVAC developed under a Public-Private Partnership with the Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India, has put India on the global map for setting new standards in pharmaceutical.

Vice-President-launches-new-Rotavirus-vaccine---ROTAVAC-5D®

 ABOUT ROTAVIRUS

  • Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe vomiting and diarrhoea among infants and young children less than five years of age.
  • It is a genus of double-stranded RNA virus in the Reoviridae family.

About Rotavirus

  • Nearly every child in the world has been infected with rotavirus at least once by the age of five.
  • It is responsible for around 10% of total child mortality every year.
  • There are eight species of this virus, referred to as A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H. Rotavirus A, the most common species, causes more than 90% of rotavirus infections in humans.
  • Rotavirus is a contagious disease — it spreads easily from child to child. The virus is transmittedby the faecal-oral route. It infects and damages the cells that line the small intestine and causes gastroenteritis (which is often called “stomach flu” despite having no relation to influenza).

VACCINATION

Vaccination

  • Four WHO qualified rotavirus vaccines: Rotarix, RotaTeq, Rotavac and RotaSiil are available internationally.

ROTAVIRUS IN INDIA

  • In India, every year, 37 out of every 1,000 children born dies at the age of 5 due to diarrhoeal deaths as one of the major reasons.
  • Out of all the causes of diarrhoea, Rotavirus is a leading cause of diarrhoeain children less than 5 years of age.
  • It is estimated that Rotavirus cause 8,72,000 hospitalisations; 32,70,000 outpatient visits and estimated 78,000 deaths annually in India.

BACKGROUND

  • Rotavirus vaccine was introduced in India in 2016 in a phased manner, beginning with 4 States initially and later expanded to 7 more States.
  • Currently, it is available in 28 States/Union Territories and is expected to be available in all 36 States/Union Territories by September 2019.
[Ref: PIB, DD News]

 

Key Facts for Prelims

Curtain Raiser Exercise Hand-in-Hand-2019

The 8th India-China joint training exercise ‘HAND-IN-HAND 2019’ is scheduled to be conduct at Umroi, Meghalaya from 07 to 20 December 2019.

8th-India-China-joint-training-exercise-'HAND-IN-HAND-2019'-1

ABOUT ‘HAND-IN-HAND’ EXERCISE

8th-India-China-joint-training-exercise-'HAND-IN-HAND-2019'--2

  • It is a military exercise between India and China.
  • The aim of the exercise is to practice joint planning and conduct of counter terrorist operations in semi urban terrain.

8th-India-China-joint-training-exercise-HAND-IN-HAND-2019

  • Two tactical exercises are scheduled during the training; one on counter terrorism scenario and the other on Humanitarian and Disaster Relief (HADR) operations.
[Ref: PIB]

 

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