PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 4th February 2020 – IASToppers

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) awards; Matru Vandana Saptah; SATHI Initiative; Ujh Multipurpose (National) Project;
By IASToppers
February 04, 2020

Contents

Government Schemes & Policies

  • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) awards
  • SATHI Initiative

Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

  • Ujh Multipurpose (National) Project

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Government Schemes & Policies

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) awards

Union Minister of Women & Child Development (WCD) and Textiles, Smriti Zubin Irani gave away the Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) awards to States, Union Territories and Districts for best performance in New Delhi recently.

StatesUTs and districts awarded for best performance under PMMVY.

Awards:

  1. States/ UTs having population of more than 1 crore:
  • Best performance since inception of the Scheme to States/ UTs having population of more than 1 crore the first position was awarded to the State of Madhya Pradesh, followed by Andhra Pradesh and Haryana was in the third position.
  1. States/ UTs having population less than 1 crore:
  • Among States/ UTs having population of less than 1 crore Dadra & Nagar Haveli is in the first position, Himachal stood second and Chandigarh is at the third position.
  1. District level awards for States/ UTs with population of more than 1 crore the first position went to Indore in Madhya Pradesh. Kurnool in Andhra Pradesh is in second position and South Salmara Mankachar in Assam was third.
  2. Among the districts of States/ UTs having population of less than 1 crore the first position went to Serchhip in Mizoram, second position to Unain Himachal Pradesh and Puducherry was in the third position.

Matru Vandana Saptah (MVS):

MVS was held from 2nd to 8th December 2019.

Objective: To increase the implementation of the Scheme and create a healthy competition amongst States/ UTs.

Theme: Towards building a healthy nation – Surakshit Janani, Viksit Dharini.

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY):

  • The PMMVY is a maternity benefit programme being implemented in all districts of the country from 01.01.2017.
Pradhan-Mantri-Matru-Vandana-Yojana-(PMMVY)-beneficiaries
  • Under PMMVY a cash incentive of Rs. 5000 is provided directly to the bank/ post office account of Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) for the first living child of the family subject to fulfilling specific conditions relating to maternal and child health.
  • PMMVY is implemented using the platform of Anganwadi Services Scheme of Umbrella ICDS under the WCD Ministry in respect of States/ UTs implementing scheme through Women and Child Development Department/ Social Welfare Department and through health system in respect of States/ UTs where scheme is implemented by Health and Family Welfare Department.
[Ref: PIB]

For detailed information on Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana, please visit the link:

SATHI Initiative

Department of Science (DST) has recently launched a SATHI Initiative for building shared, professionally managed strong Science and technology infrastructure.

Sophisticated-Analytical-&-Technical-Help-Institutes(SATHI)

About:

  • Sophisticated Analytical & Technical Help Institutes (SATHI) is a unique scheme of Department of science, to address the need for building shared, professionally managed and strong Science and Technology infrastructure in the country which is readily accessible to academia, start-ups, manufacturing, industry and R&D labs.
SATHI- key features
  • These Centres are expected to house major analytical instruments to provide common services of high-end analytical testing, thus avoiding duplication and reduced dependency on foreign sources. These would be operated with a transparent, open access policy.

Proposals floated:

  • A digital platform is proposed to be created to facilitate seamless application and capture Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and a centre will be established that will work in the field of intellectual property.
  • Knowledge translation clusters will be set up across different technology sectors including in new and emerging sectors for designing, fabrication and proof of concept and further scaling up technology clusters harbouring such testbeds and small scale manufacturing facilities would be established.
  • DST has already set up three such centres in the country, one each at IIT Kharagpur, IIT Delhi and BHU at a total cost of Rs 375 Cores. It is planned to set up five SATHI Centres every year for the next four years.
  • Besides SATHI initiative, support to 100 top-performing departments in universities and IITs etc. will be provided this year with an investment of Rs. 500 crores for augmentation of their research facilities to global benchmarks. The research profile of the supported Departments will align with the national priorities of excellence in manufacturing, waste processing, clean energy and water, and Start-up India, etc.

Significance:

  • SATHI will address the problems of accessibility, maintenance, redundancy and duplication of expensive equipment in our Institutions, while reaching out to the less endowed organizations in need, e.g., industry, MSMEs, start-ups and State Universities.
  • This will also foster a strong culture of collaboration between institutions and across disciplines to take advantage of developments, innovations and expertise in diverse areas.
[Ref: PIB]

Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

Ujh Multipurpose (National) Project

Recently, a meeting was chaired to fast-track the implementation of Ujh Multipurpose (National) Project, Jammu & Kashmir.

Ujh-Multipurpose-(National)-Project

About the project:

  • As per Government’s commitment to fast track utilization of India’s rights under Indus Waters Treaty, the project is planned to be constructed in Kathua District of J&K on the River Ujh which is a major tributary of River Ravi.
enhance the utilization of waters of Eastern Rivers allotted to India as per the Indus Water Treaty.
  • This project will store around 781 Million Cubic meter of waters of river Ujh (a tributary of river Ravi).
  • After construction of the project, utilization of waters of Eastern Rivers allotted to India as per the Indus Water Treaty would be enhanced by utilizing of the flow that presently goes across border unutilized.

Ujh river:

  • The Ujh river is a tributary of the Ravi River that flows through the Kathua district in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • It originates in Kailash mountains (part of the Pir Panjal Range) and flows a distance of nearly 100 kilometres, some of it in Pakistani Punjab, before joining Ravi near Chak Ram Sahai in Indian Punjab.

What is Indus Water Treaty, 1960?

  • The Indus Waters Treaty (IWT) is a water-distribution treaty between India and Pakistan, mediated by the World Bank to use the water available in the Indus System of Rivers.
Indus Water Treaty, 1960
  • IWT was signed in Karachi on September 19, 1960 by the first Prime Minister of India Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and then President of Pakistan Ayub Khan.
  • The agreement awarded control over the water flowing in three eastern rivers of India, i.e. the Beas, the Ravi and the Sutlej was given to India, while control over the water flowing in three western rivers of India i.e. the Indus, the Chenab and the Jhelum was given to Pakistan.
  • India has unrestricted usage rights over the eastern rivers, and India should allow unrestricted flow of the western rivers into Pakistan.
  • India can use 20% of Indus water for irrigation, transport and power generation since it originates in India and Chenab and Jhelum for consumption purposes.
  • After the Pulwama attacks in Feb. 2019, the Indian government is planning to review the treaty, and contain all excess water flowing from India’s share of eastern rivers into Pakistan at present, and divert it to Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan for different uses.
[Ref: PIB]