PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 4 & 5th June 2019 – IASToppers

Tamil Nadu Health System Reform Program; Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSSs); ‘SelfieWithSapling' campaign;
By IASToppers
June 05, 2019

Contents

Issues related to Health & Education

  • TN gets $287-m World Bank loan for healthcare reform
  • Fee waived off for SC/ST candidates joining vocational training under Jan Shikshan Sansthans

Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

  • Ministry of Environment launches SelfieWithSapling’ campaign

 

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Issues related to Health & Education

TN gets $287-m World Bank loan for healthcare reform

Tamil Nadu Health System Reform Programme1

The Government of India, Government of Tamil Nadu and the World Bank signed a Loan Agreement for the Tamil Nadu Health System Reform Program.

  • Under the agreement, the World Bank will provide USD 287 million to improve health care in Tamil Nadu.

ABOUT THE HEALTH SYSTEM PROGRAMME:

  • The programme aims to improve the quality of health care, reduce the burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and fill equity gaps in reproductive and child health services in Tamil Nadu.
  • This Program focuses on results instead of inputs through a Program-for-Results (PforR) lending instrument.

OBJECTIVE:

Tamil Nadu Health System Reform Programme

  • To reduce the burden of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs).
  • To reduce the equity gaps in reproductive and child health.
  • Strengthening physicians, nurses and paramedics through continuous medical education.
  • To promote population-based screening, treatment and follow-up for NCDs, and improve monitoring and evaluation. Patients will be equipped with knowledge and skills to self-manage their conditions.

THIS PROGRAM WILL SUPPORT THE TAMILNADU GOVERNMENT TO:

Tamil Nadu Health System Reform Programme2

  • Develop clinical protocols and guidelines;
  • Achieve national accreditation for primary, secondary, and tertiary-level health facilities in the public sector;
  • Strengthen physicians, nurses and paramedics through continuous medical education;
  • Strengthen the feedback loop between citizens and the state by making quality and other data accessible to the public.

NEED:

  • Despite these impressive health gains in Tamilnadu, certain challenges in health care remain, including quality of care and variations in reproductive and child health among districts.
  • Tamil Nadu is also dealing with a growing burden of NCDs as they account for nearly 69 percent of deaths in the State.

TAMILNADU GOVERNMENT’S’ HEALTH ACHIEVEMENTS:

NITI Aayog’s Health Index 4

  • Tamil Nadu ranks third among all Indian States in the NITI Aayog Health Index.
  • Its maternal mortality rate has declined from 90 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2005 to 62 deaths in 2015-16 while infant mortality has declined from 30 deaths per 1000 live births to 20 in the same period.
  • Establishment of emergency Obstetric and Neonatal Care Centers and the 108 ambulance service with previous support from the World Bank.
  • These have ensured that no mother has to travel more than 30 minutes to access emergency obstetric and neonatal care 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
[Ref: PIB, Economic Times]

 

Fee waived off for SC/ST candidates joining vocational training under Jan Shikshan Sansthans

Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS)2

The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has decided to waive off fee for SC/ST candidates who join vocational training under Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS).

ABOUT JAN SHIKSHAN SANSTHANS (JSS):

Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSS)3

  • Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSSs) are established to provide vocational training to non-literate, neo-literate, as well as school drop outs by identifying skills as would have a market in the region of their establishment.
  • It was formerly known as Shramik Vidyapeeth.
  • The Scheme of Jan Shikshan Sansthan was transferred from Ministry of Human Resource Development to Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship in 2018.

Jan-Shikshan-Sansthans-(JSS)

  • The JSSs are unique, they link literacy with vocational skills and provide large doses of Life Enrichment Education (LEE) to the people.
  • They aim for convergence with other stakeholders in society. It is their endeavour to shape their beneficiaries into self-reliant and self-assured employees and entrepreneurs.
  • Jan Shikshan Sansthans (JSSs), have been categorized into three categories, namely, Category ‘A’, Category ‘B’ and Category ‘C’. Different quantum of assistance has been provided for each category.

FEATURES:

  • Job opportunities including wage, self and co-employment.
  • Life Enrichment Education (Polyvalent aspects is integrated in the curriculum).
  • Fair distribution of teaching ours to theory, practical and LEE. Weightage given more for practical aspects
  • Methodology of teaching includes lecture and demonstration sections, use of print/AV material and computer aided techniques, field visit, placement/on the job training and follow-up.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

Ministry of Environment launches SelfieWithSapling’ campaign

SelfiewithSapling-11

Calling for active public participation in 45th World Environment Day celebrations on 5 June, Environment Minister launched #SelfieWithSapling campaign, urging people to plant a sapling and click a selfie with it.

WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY

SelfiewithSapling2

  • June 5 is celebrated as World Environment Day worldwide.
  • World Environment Day was established by the UN General Assembly in 1972 on the first day of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment.
  • The first World Environment Day was observed in 1973 and since then it is being held every year with different themes.
  • The UN Environment Programme (UNEP, or UN Environment) annually organizes events for World Environment Day.
  • In 2019, China hosted the global World Environment Day celebrations on the theme, ‘Air Pollution’.
[Ref: PIB, The Hindu]

 

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