Polity & Governance
- Reconstitution of Cabinet Committees- 2019
- National Training Workshop of Master Trainers for 7th Economic Census
Bilateral & International Relations
- Minister for Social Justice to take part in ‘2nd Global Disability Summit’ in Argentina
[Note: Today’s PIB Daily News are already covered in Today’s Current Affairs Analysis. This PIB News Analysis news are only for those who wants to get only PIB news]
For IASToppers Current Affairs Analysis Archive, Click Here
For IASToppers’ PIB Daily Archive, Click Here
Polity & Governance
Reconstitution of Cabinet Committees- 2019
Under the Transaction of Business Rules, the Government has reconstituted Cabinet Committees in 2019.
- Recently the government of India added two new committees to generate employment and promote skill development in the country.
- With addition to new committees, there are total eight cabinet committees now.
- The six committees include– Appointments Committee of the Cabinet, Cabinet Committee on Accommodation, Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affairs, Cabinet Committee on Political Affairs, Cabinet Committee on Security.
- Cabinet committee on investment & growth and Cabinet Committee on Employment and skill development are the two new committees added by the government.
- Cabinet committees are extra-constitutional bodies. But they derive their legality from the constitution.
- In constitutional parlance, a government is called executive, which also includes the President of India.
- Article 77(3) of the Constitution allows the president to make rules for more convenient transaction of the business of the Government of India.
- The prime minister-led Union cabinet has the powers to constitute committees of cabinet drawing members from various ministries.
- This is done in accordance with the Government of India Transaction of Business Rules, 1961.
- The cabinet committees ensure smooth functioning between two departments or ministries of the government.
- The ministries at times are seen holding contrasting views on policy matters or their implementation.
- Cabinet committees help in ironing out the differences by preparing a common ground.
- They work as organisations, which are instrumental in reducing the workload of the Union cabinet.
COMMITTEE’S COMPOSITION AND FUNCTIONS:
- Appointments Committee of the Cabinet (ACC)
- Headed by Prime Minister.
- The Minister of Home Affairs and Minister in-charge of the concerned Ministry are the members of this committee.
- It takes decision regarding all higher level appointments in the Cabinet Secretariat, public enterprises, banks and financial institutions.
- Cabinet Committee on Accommodation (CCA)
- It is composed of cabinet ministers from various ministries with one of them as the head.
- The committee determines the guidelines or rules and terms and conditions to govern out-of-turn allotment of government accommodation and allotment of accommodation to the members of the parliament.
- Also considers proposals regarding shifting of the existing Central Government Offices to places outside Delhi and the location of new offices in Delhi.
- Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA)
- Cabinet ministers of various ministries are its members. Prime Minister is the head of this committee.
- It directs and coordinates the governmental activities in the economic sphere.
- Also reviews economic trends and evolve consistent and integrated policy framework in the country.
- It considers issues relating to disinvestment
- Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affairs
- This committee is composed of cabinet ministers from various ministers. The Union Home Minister is the head of the committee.
- The function of the committee is to watch the progress of Government business in Parliament and to give directions necessary to secure smooth and efficient conduct of such business.
- Cabinet Committee on Political Affairs
- The committee is headed by the Prime Minister. Cabinet ministers of various ministries are its members.
- The committee deals with problems relating to Centre-State relations.
- It also deals with policy matters concerning foreign affairs which do not have external or internal security implications.
- Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS)
- The Prime Minister is the head of this committee. Cabinet ministers of Finance, Defence, Home Affairs and External Affairs are its members.
- It deals with all Defence related issues. Also with the issues relating to law and order and internal security.
- The committee also considers all matters relating to atomic energy.
- Cabinet committee on investment & growth
- It is a new committee comprising Prime Minister as head, Minister of Defence, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Minister of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Minister of Finance & Corporate Affairs and Minister of Commerce & Industry.
- Cabinet Committee on Employment and skill development
- The committee is made up of Prime Minister as head, Minister of Defence, Minister of Home Affairs, Minister of Finance & Corporate Affairs, Minister of Rural Development, Ministry of Commerce & Industry and other ministers.
TRANSACTION OF BUSINESS RULES (TBR), 1961
- In 1961, the Government of India Transaction of Business Rules (TBR), 1961 were framed, which prescribed the manner in which government should conduct its business.
- In terms of the TBR, 1961, there shall be “Standing Committees of the Cabinet” as set out in the First Schedule to the TBR, 1961, with the functions specified therein.
- The Prime Minister can amend the Schedule by adding/reducing the numbers of such Committees or by modifying the functions assigned to them.
- Every Standing Committee shall consist of such Ministers as the Prime Minister may from time to time specify. Conventionally, while Ministers with Cabinet rank are named as ‘members’ of the Standing Committees of the Cabinet, Ministers of State, irrespective of their status of having ‘Independent Charge’ of a Ministry/Department, and others ‘with rank of’ a Cabinet Minister or Minister of State are named as ‘special invitees’.
- The Second Schedule to TBR 1961, lists the items of Government business where the full Cabinet, and not any Standing Committee of the Cabinet should take a decision.
- However, to the extent there is a commonality between the cases enumerated in the Second Schedule and the cases set out in the First Schedule, the Standing Committees of the Cabinet shall be competent to take a final decision in the matter, except in cases where the relevant entries in the respective Schedules themselves preclude the Committees from taking such decisions. Also, any decision taken by a Standing Committee may be reviewed by the Cabinet.
National Training Workshop of Master Trainers for 7th Economic Census
In the run up to upcoming 7th Edition of Economic Census, a National Training Workshop of the Master Trainers was organized by the Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation (MoSPI).
OBJECTIVE OF THE WORKSHOP:
- The objective was to impart training to Master trainers (enumerators and supervisors) engaged in Seventh Economic Census and to trained on the key concepts, digital platform and application to be used for the enumeration (data capture and supervision) in the field.
ABOUT 7TH ECONOMIC CENSUS -2019:
- 7th Economic Census -2019 is being conducted by Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI) to provide disaggregated information on various operational and structural aspects of all establishments in the country.
- MoSPI has partnered with Common Service Centres, CSC e-Governance Services India Limited, a Special Purpose Vehicle under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology as the implementing agency for 7th
- The Seventh Economic Census is the first-time endeavour of MoSPI to use IT based mobile application for data capture, verification and supervision.
- Coverage – All establishments including household enterprises, engaged in production or distribution of goods/services (other than for the sole purpose of own consumption) in non-farm agricultural and non-agricultural sector will be counted.
- Exclusions– In case of agriculture, establishments engaged in crop production and plantation will not be covered. In case of non-agriculture, establishments engaged in public administration, defence, compulsory social security, activities of households as employers of domestic personnel, activities of territorial organizations and bodies and illegal activities would not be covered during the 7th Economic Census.
- The 7th Economic Census will be conducted using state-of-the-art ICT platform that would facilitate Geo-codes embedded data collection on mobile devices, Real-time data validation and Monitoring using interactive management information system (MIS) dashboards.
For 7th Economic Census, An Urban area is classified based on the following criteria:
- All places with a municipality, corporation, cantonment board or notified town area committee, etc., Or All other place satisfying the following three criteria simultaneously:
- A minimum population of 5,000
- At least 75% of male working population engaged in non-agricultural pursuits
- A population density of at least 400 per sq. km.
The first category of urban units is known as Statutory Towns while the second category of towns is known as Census Towns, identified based on last population Census.
THE 7TH ECONOMIC CENSUS HAS BEEN CONCEIVED TO PROVIDE:
- Nation-wide Dynamic Statistical Business Register as per international practices adopted by developing countries and in line with the UNSD recommendations.
- Detailed information on economic variables, activity-wise of all the non-agricultural establishments including its distribution at all India, State, District, Village/Ward levels for comprehensive analysis of the structure of the economy.
- Information on establishments registered under MSME Development Act, their assets and other economic criteria.
- Information on number of workers working in establishments activity wise.
- List of all establishments tagged by geographical location up to village/ward level for local level planning purposed.
- The first edition of economic Census was carried out (except Lakshadweep) in 1977. The subsequent Censuses were conducted in the years 1980, 1990, 1998, 2005. The last (Sixth edition) of Economic Census was conducted in 2013.
- The Government had appointed a Task Force on Improving Employment Data in 2017, under the Chairpersonship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog to suggest ways and means of improving employment data.
- The Task Force made various recommendations in its report, including that the MoSPI may undertake the Economic Census every 3 years,beginning with the 7thEconomic Census so that more frequent information on the various economic characteristics of establishments are available.
Bilateral & International Relations
Minister for Social Justice to take part in ‘2nd Global Disability Summit’ in Argentina
Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment will attend “2nd Global Disability Summit” to be held at Buenos Aires, Argentina from during June 6 to 8.
OBJECTIVE OF THE SUMMIT:
- To deliberate on issues across the world concerning empowerment and inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (PwDs) and to work out a mechanism for enabling them to live an independent and dignified life.
ORGANIZER OF THE SUMMIT:
- The Government of Argentina Republic in association with The International Alliance Disability (IDA) and the Latin American Network of Non-Governmental Organizations of Persons with Disabilities and their Families (RIADIS) will organize the summit.
GLOBAL DISABILITY SUMMIT:
- The first-ever Global Disability Summit was held at London, United Kingdom (UK) in 2018. It was hosted by UK Department for International Development (UK DFID), along with the co-hosts International Disability Alliance (IDA) and Government of Kenya.
- Raise global attention and focus on a neglected area;
- Mobilise new global and national commitments on disability; and,
- Showcase best practice and evidence from across the world.
LOCATION OF ARGENTINA:
- Argentina is a country located mostly in the southern half of South America.
- Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Drake Passage to the south.
- It is the largest Spanish-speaking nation.