PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 6th March 2020 – IASToppers

Schemes for Tribal upliftment; North East Venture Fund; Subsidy to Artisans under Solar Charkha Mission; Solar Charkha Mission; Workshed Scheme for Khadi Artisans; PM Van Dhan Yojna; National Scheduled Castes Finance and Development Corporation;
By IASToppers
March 06, 2020

Contents

Government Schemes & Policies

  • North East Venture Fund
  • Subsidy to Artisans under Solar Charkha Mission
  • Workshed Scheme for Khadi Artisans
  • Schemes for Tribal upliftment

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Government Schemes & Policies

North East Venture Fund

Union Minister Jitendra Singh have recently informed Rajya Sabha that the North East Venture Fund (NEVF) has disbursed over Rs.18 crores to 12 start-ups till date.

About North East Venture Fund (NEVF):

  • The North East Venture Fund was formally launched on 9th September, 2017 with joint efforts from Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) and North Eastern Development Finance Corporation Ltd (NEDFi).

Objective:

  • To encourage entrepreneurs and Start-ups and to empower entrepreneurs from the North Eastern Region (NER)

Capital:

  • It is a close ended fund with capital commitment of Rs 100 crore.
  • The investment is ranging between Rs. 25 lakhs and Rs. 10 crores per venture, which is long term in nature with investment horizon of 4-5 years.

Contribution:

  • The NEVF team has vigorously been participating in various events, seminars, conclaves etc. across NER, and interacted with start-ups both on one to one and group basis to promote the fund.
  • The team members have also interacted with various venture funds, incubators in the venture capital eco- system.
  • Over the last three years, out of 212 enquiries/applications received across sectors like Agri-Allied, Healthcare, Biotechnology, Education, Food Processing, Tourism, Logistics, Parking, Aggregation of Services, Entertainment etc., 40 proposals have been taken to the Investment Committee for perusal and 22 proposals have received investment commitment.
  • The NEVF has till date made a disbursement of Rs.18.16 crore to 12 start-ups.
[Ref: PIB]

Subsidy to Artisans under Solar Charkha Mission

In a written reply to a question in Lok Sabha, it was informed that under the Solar Charkha Mission subsidy has been provided to the artisans.

What is the move?

  • The scheme Mission Solar Charkha is enterprise driven scheme and envisages setting up of ‘Solar Charkha Clusters’ which will have 200 to 2042 beneficiaries (Spinners, Weavers, Stitchers and other skilled artisans).
  • Each spinner will be given two charkhas of 10 spindles each.
  • Subsidy of Rs.9.60 crore is provided for procurement of charkha and looms to the Implementing or Promoting Agency for a full-scale Solar Charkha Cluster involving a total investment of about Rs.38.625 crore.

About Solar Charkha Mission:

  • The Solar Charkha Mission is an initiative of Ministry of Micro Small & Medium Enterprises (MSME) initiative launched during June 2018.
  • The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) would implement the programme.
  • The solar charkhas are to be operated using solar power which is a renewable energy source.
  • It will help in development of Green Economy as it is an environment friendly programme.
  • It will also generate sustainable employment for the artisans.

Background:

  • Based on the success of the pilot project in Bihar, Government of India has accorded approval to set up 50 such clusters with a budget of Rs. 550 Crore for 2018-19 and 2019-20.
  • The scheme is envisaged to generate direct employment nearly to one lakh persons in the approved Fifty (50) clusters.

Scheme Objectives:

The objectives of the Scheme are as follows:

  • To ensure inclusive growth by generation of employment, especially for women and youth, and sustainable development through solar charkha clusters in rural areas.
  • To boost rural economy and help in arresting migration from rural to urban areas.
  • To leverage low-cost, innovative technologies and processes for sustenance.

Project Interventions:

One cluster of Solar Charkha would involve a maximum subsidy of Rs. 9.599 crore.

The Scheme would cover the following three types of interventions.

1. Capital subsidy for individual and for Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV):

  • 2000 Solar Charkhas at the maximum price of Rs. 45,000/ – per charkha and a subsidy of Rs. 15,750/ – per charkha works out to a cumulative subsidy of Rs.3.15 crore for 1000 spinners;
  • Capital cost of construction of work shed with a minimum space of 20,000 sq. ft. with 100% subsidy at the maximum rate upto Rs.1.20 crore per cluster for the SPV;
  • Capital cost of Solar Grid of 50 KW capacity with 100% subsidy at the maximum rate upto Rs. 0.40 crore per cluster for the SPV;
  • One-time Capital Cost Subsidy for the SPV @35% works out to maximum of Rs.0.75 crore per Cluster for the purchase of twisting machines, dying machines and stitching machines (500 in number) for making the unit self-sustainable and for value addition.

2. Interest subvention for Working Capital:

  • It is proposed to have a ceiling of 8% of interest subvention on working capital irrespective of the interest rates being charged by the Banks/Financial Institutions for a period of six months.
  • Recurring Working Capital cost for a period of six months at the rate of interest subvention of 8% works out to Rs.1.584 crore for one cluster including cost of roving, wages of spinners and weavers.

3. Capacity building:

  • The scheme envisages courses for the spinners/weavers and others involved in the garmenting unit at a total cost of Rs 0.595 crore per cluster for a period of two years.
[Ref: PIB]

Workshed Scheme for Khadi Artisans

Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) through Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) extends financial assistance to Khadi Institutions for construction of Worksheds to Khadi artisans under “Workshed Scheme for Khadi Artisans”.

Objective:

  • The workshed for Khadi Artisans scheme was introduced in 2008-09.
  • It envisages providing sufficient space and congenial environment to artisans for smooth and fatigue free working leading to enhanced production and increased earning.
  • The scheme is demand driven.
  • The pattern of assistance under the scheme is as follows:
[Ref: PIB]

Schemes for Tribal upliftment

Union Minister for Tribal Affairs has emphasized on the entrepreneurial development of Tribal women all over the country by providing them proper education and by enhancing their skills.

Initiatives by GOI:

List of important initiatives for the overall development of tribal people, especially tribal women by GOI:

1. Eklavya Model Residential Schools:

  • During the current academic year, total number of tribal students enrolled in various Eklavya Model Residential Schools across the country is 73145 and out of which 36435 are girl students studying in different EMRSs.
  • Around half of the total students studying in EMRSs are girls which clearly shows that the literacy rate among tribal girls has dramatically improved, which India was lagging behind earlier.

2. PM Van Dhan Yojna:

  • A recent initiative by Ministry of Tribal Affairs is helping in livelihood generation among tribal women, ensuring maximum benefit through wealth of forest (Van Dhan) i.e. minor forest produce.
  • TRIFED has taken a step forward to promote tribal handicrafts and goods by opening up of new outlets namely, TRIBES INDIA at different locations across the country.
  • Large number of handicraft items in these outlets are produced by tribal women, thus helping tribal women to earn their livelihood and boosting their income.

3. Scheme of Strengthening Education among ST Girls in Low Literacy Districts:

  • The scheme aims to bridge the gap in literacy levels between the general female population and tribal women, in the identified districts or blocks, more particularly in naxal affected areas and in areas inhabited by Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs), by creating the required ambience for education for ST girls.
  •  It is a Central Sector gender specific scheme and the Ministry provides 100% funding.
  • It is being implemented in 54 identified low literacy districts where ST Population is 25% or more and ST female literacy rate is below 35% as per 2001 Census.

4. Scheme of Vocational Training in Tribal Areas:

  • The main aim of the Scheme is to develop the skills of the ST youth for a variety of jobs as well as self-employment and to improve their socio-economic condition by enhancing their income.
  • The scheme covers all the States and Union Territories.
  • It is not an area-specific scheme, the condition being that free vocational training facilities are extended only to tribal youth, 100% grants under the scheme are provided to the States, Union Territories and other Associations implementing the Scheme.

5. Scheme of Girls & Boys Hostels for STs:

  • Under the scheme, Central assistance is given to States/UTs/Universities for construction of new hostel buildings and/or extension of existing hostels.
  • State Governments are eligible for 100% central share for construction of all Girls’ hostel and also for construction of Boys’ hostel in naxal affected areas (identified by Ministry of Home Affairs from time to time).
  • The funding pattern for the other Boys’ Hostel to State Governments is on 50:50 basis.
  • In case of UTs, the Central Government bears the entire cost of construction of both Boys’ and Girls’ hostels.
  • The hostels may be for middle, secondary, college or university level education.

6. Scheme of Ashram Schools in Tribal Sub-Plan Area:

  • The objective of the scheme is to provide residential schools for STs in an environment conducive to learning to increase the literacy rate among the tribal students and to bring them at par with other population of the country.
  • State Governments are eligible for 100% central share for construction of all Girls’ Ashram Schools and also for construction of Boys’ Ashram Schools in naxal affected areas (identified by Ministry of Home Affairs from time to time.

National Scheduled Castes Finance and Development Corporation:

  • National Scheduled Castes Finance and Development Corporation (NSTFNDC) was set up in 1989 as a Central PSU under Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  • NSTFNDC is the apex institution for financing, facilitating and mobilizing funds from other sources and promoting the economic development activities of the persons belonging to the Scheduled Castes living below double the poverty line.
  • NSTFNDC finances income generation schemes for the target group through the State Channelizing Agencies (SCAs) nominated by respective State/UT Governments.
  • NSTFNDC provides Concessional loan under the scheme ‘Aadivasi Mahila Sashaktikaran Yojna’, under which Scheduled Tribe women can undertake any income generation activity.
  • Loan upto 90 % for the scheme costing upto 1 lakh is provided at a highly concessional rate of interest of 4 % per annum.
[Ref: PIB]
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