PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 7th February 2020 – IASToppers

Lucknow Declaration; National Means-cum-Merit Scholarship Scheme;
By IASToppers
February 07, 2020


Government Schemes & Policies

  • National Means-cum-Merit Scholarship Scheme

Bilateral & International Relations

  • Lucknow Declaration

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Government Schemes & Policies

National Means-cum-Merit Scholarship Scheme


  • A Central Sector Scheme
  • Implemented since 2008.
  • Scholarship of Rs 12000/- per annum are awarded to selected students. Prior to April 2017, the rate of scholarship was Rs 6000/- per year.


  • To award scholarships to meritorious students of economically weaker sections to arrest their drop out at class VIII and encourage them to continue their study and complete secondary stage.

Key Features:

  • Coverage: The scheme envisages award of one lakh fresh scholarships every year to selected students of class IX and their continuation/renewal in classes X to XII for study in a State Government, Government-aided and Local body schools under the scheme.
  • There is a separate quota of scholarships for each State/UT. 
  • The selection of students for the award of scholarships under the scheme is made through an examination conducted by the States/UTs Governments. 


  • Students whose parental income from all sources is not more than Rs. 1,50,000/- are eligible to avail the scholarships.
  • The awardees should get minimum of 55% marks in Class IX and XI, and a minimum of 60% in Class X for the continuance of scholarship (relaxable by 5% for SC/ST candidates).
  • The student should be studying as a regular student in a Government, Government-aided and local body schools. Students of Navodaya Schools, Kendriya Vidyalaya Schools and residential schools are not entitled to the scholarships.

Other Facts:

  • The scheme is boarded on the National Scholarship Portal (NSP) since 2015-16.


The Scheme was evaluated by the National Institute of Planning and Administration (NIEPA).

  • The scheme has helped poor families in sending their meritorious children for secondary and senior secondary education.
  • Students register better performance in Class IX, X, XI and XII
  • Heads of all the institutions that the scheme has reduced the drop-out rate at the secondary and senior secondary classes, particularly from Classes VIII to XII.
  • NIEPA recommended an increase in the scholarship amount to make the scheme more attractive and effective.
[Ref: PIB]

Bilateral & International Relations

Lucknow Declaration

The Lucknow Declaration (6th February 2020) was adopted by India and 50 African Countries coinciding with DefExpo-2020.


  • Strengthen cooperation in defence preparedness (includes peacekeeping initiatives) and production.
  • Increase maritime security through mutual cooperation.
  • Condemn the growing threat of terrorism and acknowledge that it constitutes a major threat to peace and security in the region and urge all countries to take resolute action in rooting out terrorism in all its forms and manifestations.
  • Urge the international community for the adoption of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism in the United Nations General Assembly.
  • Enhance cooperation between India and Africa on the evolving concept of Indo-Pacific and welcome the AU vision for peace and security in Africa that coincides with India’s vision of SAGAR (Security and Growth for all in the Region).
  • Both sides support initiatives such as African Peace and Security Architecture (APSA), Silence The Guns in Africa and Agenda 2063.

Additional Points:

  • The African Standby Force is an international, continental African, and multidisciplinary peacekeeping force with military, police and civilian contingents that acts under the direction of the African Union.
  • AGENDA 2063 is Africa’s blueprint and master plan for transforming Africa into the global powerhouse of the future.
  • Silencing the Guns is a commitment to achieve the Aspirations of Africa’s Agenda 2063, specifically Aspiration 4, which envisions a peaceful and secure Africa, thereby making peace a reality for African people.
  • “Silence The Guns: Creating conducive conditions for African Development” is the African Union’s theme of the year 2020.

Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT):

  • India in 1996 proposed a draft convention to combat terrorism involving all countries of the world. It was termed as the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism.


  • To have a universal definition of terrorism that all 193-members of the UNGA will adopt into their own criminal law.
  • To ban all terror groups and shut down terror camps.
  • To prosecute all terrorists under special laws.
  • To make cross-border terrorism an extraditable offence worldwide.

What is the roadblock?

  • Since 1996 the convention is in still draft stage due to lack of unanimity among members regarding the definition of terrorism.

[Ref: The Hindu, PIB, The Indian Express, Livemint]


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