PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 7th March 2020 – IASToppers

Genome India project; Kishori Health Cards; Cataloguing the Genetic Variation in Indians’ project; Nationwide AYUSH Grid; AYUSH centres; Ministry of AYUSH; Ayurvedic Classification of Diseases; NAMASTE Portal; ARCI develops Fuel Cell Technology for Disaster Management; Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells; ’ India Smart Utility Week 2020; Mission Innovation; India-Sweden Collaborative Industrial Research & Development Programme; ICONSAT 2020; DST Nano Mission;
By IASToppers
March 07, 2020

Contents

Government Schemes & Policies

  • Nationwide AYUSH Grid
  • Ayurvedic Classification of Diseases
  • Kishori Health Cards

Issues related to Health & Education

  • Cataloguing the Genetic Variation in Indians’ project

Economy

  • India Smart Utility Week 2020

Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

  • ARCI develops Fuel Cell Technology for Disaster Management

Science & Technology

  • ICONSAT 2020

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Government Schemes & Policies

Nationwide AYUSH Grid

The Ministry of AYUSH has initiated steps to set up a nationwide digital platform called “AYUSH GRID” which aims to bring onboard all AYUSH facilities including hospitals and laboratories and to promote traditional systems of healthcare.

Nationwide AYUSH Grid:

  • Ministry of AYUSH has conceptualized AYUSH GRID Project for digitalization of the entire AYUSH Sector.
  • After completion of due procedures, Ministry has on boarded a Project Management Consultancy and this agency is in the process of preparation of Gap Analysis, To-Be report, which shall be part of Detailed Project Report (DPR).
  • After completion of DPR, with the help of the consulting agency, Ministry will go ahead with on boarding of System Integrator/s for actual development of AYUSH GRID Project.
  • Currently, Ministry has launched Pilot Projects like AYUSH Hospital Information Management System (A-HMIS), Tele-Medicine, Yoga locator Application, Bhuvan Application, Yoga Portal, Case Registry Portal, etc. and these projects will be co-opted in AYUSH GRID Project in future.

AYUSH centres:

  • Ministry of AYUSH has also proposed to establish 12,500 AYUSH centres across the country for traditional system of healthcare and medicines.
  • 12,500 AYUSH Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) are proposed to be established by up gradation of existing State Government AYUSH dispensaries and Sub Health Centres by the year 2023-24.
  • Total financial allocation proposed for the scheme is Rs. 3399.35 crores over the time period of five years.
  • An array of Ayurvedic drugs are available in the market, with some of them developed by country’s prestigious research institutions like the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).

Ministry of AYUSH:

  • The Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa Rigpa and Homoeopathy (abbreviated as AYUSH) is purposed with developing education, research and propagation of indigenous alternative medicine systems in India.
  • The ministry was established in 2014 to ensure the development and propagation of AYUSH systems of medicine and health care.
[Ref: PIB]

Ayurvedic Classification of Diseases

The Ministry of AYUSH has developed National Ayurveda Morbidity Codes (NAMC), a comprehensive classification of diseases described in Ayurveda as well as Standardized Ayurveda Terminologies.

NAMASTE Portal:

  • These have been made available on National AYUSH Morbidity and Standardized Terminologies Electronic Portal (NAMASTE Portal) developed by the Ministry which is available to the public.
  • The portal was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the occasion of 2nd Ayurveda Day (17th October 2017).
  • The portal was developed and is being maintained by the Central Council for Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS), the apex body for research in Ayurvedic Sciences, Ministry of AYUSH, Government of India.
  • This portal has the potential to revolutionize morbidity statistics data collection and may have a huge impact on the future policy-making decision by bringing to light the contributions of various AYUSH systems in the health care delivery system of the country.
  • The key features of the portal include the Morbidity Codes and Standardized Terminologies of all the AYUSH systems for unambiguous reporting, electronic data submission through individual institution login ids, and also an integrated electronic health records (EHR) system for detailed data collection for individual institutions.

Standardization and quality assurance:

  • For standardization of Ayurvedic diagnostic and treatment protocol, the Central Council of Research in Ayurvedic Sciences (CCRAS) under Ministry of AYUSH has undertaken a project on Reliability testing and Validation of Ayurveda diagnostic methods in June 2018.
  • Under this project, some common disease conditions have been identified and accordingly the pro forma and manual of selected disease conditions is being drafted and validated through scientific methods in a phased manner.
  • In the first phase, the disease conditions which have been identified are Kushtha (skin diseases), Kasa, Shwasa and Jwara.
  • The first draft of Kushtha (skin diseases) manual as clinical Series-I has been published and for other three disease conditions inter-rator reliability has already been completed and second phase validity is under consideration in collaboration with the academic institutes of national repute.
  • Further, the development of pro forma of various other disease conditions has been initiated.
  • Various clinical studies are also being conducted following the integrated protocol in a scientific manner.
[Ref: PIB, Research Gate]

Kishori Health Cards

The Government of India is maintaining the health records of adolescent girls through Kishori Health Cards.

Initiative of:

  • The scheme is an initiative of Ministry of Women and Child Development.

Objective:

  • To improve the nutritional, health and development status of adolescent girls.
  • To promote awareness of health, hygiene, nutrition and family care, link them to opportunities for learning life skills, going back to school.
  • To help them gain a better understanding of their social environment and take initiatives to become productive members of the society.

Kishori Health cards:

  • As per the information available, most of the States are maintaining Kishori Health Cards for Adolescent Girls (11-18 years) in Anganwadi Centres (AWCs) to record the information about the weight, height, Body Mass Index (BMI) along with other services provided under the scheme.
  • These health cards for all Adolescent Girls (AGs) are maintained at the AWCs.
  • Government is implementing Scheme for Adolescent Girls across the country.
  • The details of achievements/outcomes made under the scheme are marked on Kishori Card and the card also carries important milestones of Adolescent Girls’ life including mainstreaming them into the schools.
  • As per the information received from State Government of Uttar Pradesh, at present 20 projects operating and per project 100 Kishori Health Cards were distributed in the Anganwadi Centres.
  • This scheme is a redesign of the already existing Adolescent Girls (AG) Scheme being implemented as a component under the centrally sponsored Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme.
[Ref: PIB]

Issues related to Health & Education

Cataloguing the Genetic Variation in Indians’ project

Genome India: ‘Cataloguing the Genetic Variation in Indians’ project has been sanctioned by Department of Biotechnology (DBT) on January 16, 2020 for a period of 3 years to 20 institutions from varied disciplines across the country.

Major Highlights:

  • The whole genome sequencing under Genome India has just started.
  • The proposed target of Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) is to do it for total 10,000 individuals representing the country’s diverse population in 3 years.

Rationale:

  • The information generated from whole genome sequencing can facilitate future human genetics research in the country with greater precision, and to design a genome wide association array for the Indian population to develop precision healthcare and diagnostics for major diseases at affordable costs.
  • The data security and sharing measures for this project will be governed by the rules and regulations formulated by Government of India.

De-identification:

  • The personal information of all individuals consenting to participate in the study is stripped off from any further records in this project.
  • This process of de-identification ensures that the personal information of the participants is not compromised.
  • Additionally, ethical measures are strictly adhered to in order to maintain data security and protection.

For detailed information on Genome India project, please refer to the link given below:

[Ref: PIB]

Economy

India Smart Utility Week 2020

India-European Union Flagship Call announced on Integrated Local Energy Systems at India Smart Utility Week 2020.

What is the move?

  • Sweden and India announce co-funding for a multi-million dollar programme on Smart Grids.
  • India-European Union Flagship Call on Integrated Local Energy Systems was announced at India Smart Utility Week 2020 in the presence of Secretary, Department of Science & Technology (DST) and European Union Ambassador to India.

Objective:

  • This partnership between Indian and European Union will help in Clean Energy and Climate and this partnership will foresee strengthened cooperation in energy research and innovation, mainly in renewable energy and its integration in the energy system.
  • The collaboration can make energy supply cleaner, more efficient and affordable to all.
  • This Indo-EU flagship call is fully in line with both the European Union’s and India’s involvement in Mission Innovation (MI).

Mission Innovation:

  • It is a global initiative of 24 countries and the European Commission (on behalf of the European Union), committed to reinvigorate and accelerate global clean energy innovation with the objective to make clean energy widely affordable.
  • This Indo-EU Flagship call will give novel solutions encompassing local integration across various energy vectors and increase the share of renewables in the energy mix and high energy efficiency.

India-Sweden Collaborative Industrial Research & Development Programme:

  • Meanwhile, Sweden and India have announced the India-Sweden Collaborative Industrial Research & Development Programme at India Smart Utilities Week.
  • The joint Programme, co-funded by Indian Department of Science & Technology (DST) and Swedish Energy Agency, will bring together world class expertise of Sweden and India to address challenges in the area of Smart Grids.
  • A Protocol of Cooperation was signed between Swedish Energy Agency and DST discussed how this will benefit both countries.

Significance:

  • With India raising its ambition for renewable energy manifold, research, development and innovation the area of Smart Grids assumes high priority as essential enabler.
  • High research development and innovation investments, especially, in partnership and collaborations, can accelerate Smart Grid technologies development in the near future.
  • Sharing the common vision on sustainability, Sweden and India are adding one more collaborative programme to their already vibrant partnership portfolio.
  • During the last five years DST has set up 3 major international smart grids networked virtual centers and partnered with 24 countries for smart grids research, development and innovation.
  • As co-lead of Mission Innovation (MI) Smart Grids innovation challenge, DST has supported 9 MI projects envisaging partnership of 17 Indian and 20 Foreign Institutions across 9 countries. DST has already made an investment of 60 million US $ in Smart Grids.
  • India-Sweden Industrial led Research & Development collaborative programme on Smart Grids at a collective investment of US $5 Million will help to transform the clean energy sector into a secure, adaptive, sustainable and digitally enabled ecosystem and provide reliable and quality energy for all.

Sweden-India Science and Innovation Partnership:

  • The Sweden-India Science and Innovation Partnership has grown in strength during the last couple of years.
  • High-level visits from both sides have further boosted interest in bilateral collaboration between the two countries.
  • The first ever India-Sweden High Level Dialogue on Innovation Policy was held in New Delhi during the state visit of their Majesties the King and Queen of Sweden to India in December 2019.

India Smart Utility Week 2020:

  • India Smart Grid Forum (ISGF) has been organising its flagship annual event, India Smart Grid Week (ISGW) since 2015.
  • It is considered as one of the top five international events on Smart Grids and Smart Cities.
  • ISUW 2020 is being conducted from 03 – 07 March 2020 in New Delhi, India.
  • It is observed to address all the challenges regarding operational efficiencies, policy and regulations, business models, safety guidelines, standards and to discuss future technologies for successful integration into the smart city systems.
  • ISUW 2020 will be organised as an International Conference and Exhibition on Smart Energy and Water for Smarter Cities.
  • It will bring together India’s leading Electricity, Gas and Water Utilities, Policy Makers, Regulators, Investors and world’s top-notch Smart Energy Experts and Researchers to discuss trends, share best practices and showcase next generation technologies and products in smart energy and smart cities domains.
[Ref: PIB, ISGW]

Environment, Ecology & Disaster Management

ARCI develops Fuel Cell Technology for Disaster Management

Scientists at International Advanced Research for Powder Metallurgy & New Materials (ARCI), Hyderabad, an autonomous R&D Centre of Department of Science and Technology (DST) have developed Polymer Electrolyte Membrane fuel cells (PEMFC).

Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells:

  • PEMFC have an advantage of operational capability at low-temperatures with applications in decentralized power generation systems.
  • Through intense R&D efforts in the area of fuel cell technologies, ARCI at its Centre for Fuel Cell Technology, Chennai has developed in-house PEMFC systems in the power range of 1 to 20 kilowatt (kW) and demonstrated the same in stationary (1-20 kW) and transport applications (1,3,5 kW).
  • Emergency Operation Centres (EOC) backed with 10 kW system along with fuel cell stack (providing sustainable electricity using hydrogen gas without the need of grid power), air moving sub systems, power control devices and control and monitoring system is being planned as a natural disaster management measure.

Disaster preparedness:

  • Natural disasters are consequences of calamities like earthquake, landslide, cyclone, flood, tsunami, and so on that affects human activities.
  • Tamil Nadu is generally affected by five to six cyclones every year, of which two to three are severe.
  • There has been a paradigm shift in the focus of Disaster Management, from response-centric (rescue, relief, rehabilitation, and reconstruction) to laying greater emphasis on the other elements of disaster management cycle (prevention, mitigation, and preparedness) as a means to avert the impact of future emergencies.
  • The Government of Tamil Nadu places equal importance on both the approaches and is keen to develop a robust disaster management system.

Rationale:

  • The latest concept in disaster management all over the World is about conversion of Control Rooms to Emergency Operation Centres (EOC). EOCs respond immediately during an emergency situation with State-of-the-Art communication systems.
  • This helps in providing immediate support during the Golden Hour of the disaster.
  • Hence, the State Government has decided to look at the prospect of converting the existing Control Room to EOC backed with 10 kW system along with fuel cell stack, air moving sub systems, power control devices and control and monitoring system.

Significance:

  • Fuel cell systems offer a potential benefit in terms of providing sustainable electricity using hydrogen gas without the need of grid power as required by conventional battery backup systems.
  • Recently, ARCI demonstrated feasibility of providing power to EOCs.
  • ARCI is now planning to set up a PEMFC system up to 10 kW capacity at Tamil Nadu State Emergency Operation Centre (TN SEOC) to operate the systems like early warning systems, VHF set, IP phone, BSNL Ethernet and office equipment like scanner, computers, printers, phone, FAX and normal requirements like lighting and fan.

 [Ref: PIB]

Science & Technology

ICONSAT 2020

The International Conference on Nano Science and Nano Technology (ICONSAT) under the aegis of Nano Mission, Department of Science and Technology (DST) was recently conducted at Kolkata.

About INCOSAT 2020:

  • The three-day event deliberates on several thematic topics in the field, bringing out cutting-edge developments in the domain of physical, chemical, materials as well as biological sciences.

Highlights of the event:

  • The event focused on the recent advances in the frontier research field of Nano science and Technology.
  • The genesis of Nano India was outlined and informed that in the last 20 years’ infrastructure and human resources have been built in the field of Nano science and technology.
  • The need to create a network of experts in Nano-science was emphasized to integrate the knowledge across sectors like energy, agriculture, transport, health etc.
  • The 5Ms – Mechanical, material, machines, manufacturing and manpower, are the need of the hour and the focus should be on how Nano-science and technology can contribute to the challenges like sustainable development and new technology (machine learning, artificial intelligence and so on).
  • Science should be related to the larger section of our society and hence, the young scientists were invited to participate with AWSAR, a DST new initiative through which young scholars can submit popular science stories related to their work while connecting them with societal benefits.

DST Nano mission:

  • In addition to existing research on Nano-materials, several emerging areas such as quantum materials, energy materials and nanotechnology for agriculture have been included in cognizance of the identified thrust areas of DST Nano mission.
  • The Government of India launched a Mission on Nano Science and Technology (Nano Mission) in May 2007.
  • Recognizing the success of Nano Mission, the Union Cabinet accorded approval for continuation of the Nano Mission in its Phase-II during the 12th Plan period with an allocation of Rs. 650 crores.
  • The Department of Science and Technology is the nodal agency for implementing the Nano Mission.

Potential:

  • Nanotechnology is science, engineering, and technology conducted at the nanoscale, which is about 1 to 100 nanometers.
  • Nanoscience and nanotechnology are the study and application of extremely small things and can be used across all the other science fields, such as chemistry, biology, physics, materials science, and engineering.
  • Nano science is an extraordinary sector to work in and have lot of opportunities for translation of benefits for the society.
  • Nano science has a tremendous application in various areas and in fields like Nano-medicine, agriculture, environment and energy.

 [Ref: PIB]

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