National-Animal-Disease-Control-Programme-for-foot-and-mouth-disease-and-Brucellosis-iastoppers
PIB Daily

PIB Daily -7th September 2019 – IASToppers

National Animal Disease Control Programme for foot-and-mouth disease and Brucellosis; Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme;Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD);
By IASToppers
September 07, 2019

Contents

Government Schemes & Policies

  • WCD Minister Felicitates states and Districts Under BBBP Scheme

Issues related to Health & Education

  • PM to launch national programme against foot and mouth disease

 

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Government Schemes & Policies

WCD Minister Felicitates states and Districts Under BBBP Scheme

The Union Minister of Women and Child Development and Textiles felicitated districts and states which have successfully implemented the Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) scheme.

WCD-Minister-Felicitates-states

  • Haryana, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh were felicitated for improvement in Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB).

BETI BACHAO BETI PADHAO (BBBP) SCHEME

BBBP scheme

  • The Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme was introduced in 2015 to address the issue of declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR).
  • It is a tri-ministerial effort of Ministries of Women and Child Development, Health & Family Welfare and Human Resource Development.
  • However, Ministry of Women and Child Development is responsible for budgetary control and administration of the scheme at the Central level.
  • Out of 640 districts under BBBP, 405 are covered under Multi-Sectoral Intervention in which 100% Centrally Sponsored Scheme grant is provided directly to the District Magistrate/District Collector for BBBP.

OBJECTIVES

  • Prevent gender biased sex selective elimination
  • Ensure survival & protection of the girl child
  • Ensure education of the girl child

COMPONENTS:

The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) initiative has two major components.

Using insights from behavioural economics to create an aspirational agenda for social change

  1. i) Mass Communication Campaign: The campaign aims at ensuring girls are born, nurtured and educated without discrimination.
  2. ii) Multi-sectoral action in Gender Critical Districts covering all States/UTs.

FUNDING:

  • A budgetary allocation of 100 Cr. has been made under the budget announcement for Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao campaign and 100 Cr. was mobilized from Plan Outlay of the Planned scheme ‘Care and Protection of Girl Child – A Multi Sectoral Action Plan’ for the 12th Plan.
  • The estimated cost of the Scheme is 200 cr.

KEY FACTS

  • In India, SRB has improved from 918 in 2014-15 to 931 in 2018-19.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Issues related to Health & Education

PM to launch national programme against foot and mouth disease

Prime Minister of India will launch National Animal Disease Control Programme for foot and mouth disease and Brucellosis.

national-programme-against-foot-and-mouth-disease

  • He will also launch National Artificial Insemination Programme.
About National Animal Disease Control Programme for foot-and-mouth disease and Brucellosis

National Animal Disease Control Programme 1

  • It is a 100 per cent centrally funded programme with a total outlay of Rs 12,600 crore from 2019 to 2024.
  • It aims to control Foot and Mouth Disease and Brucellosis by 2025 with vaccination and eventual eradication by 2030.

National Animal Disease Control Programme

Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) control programme: It envisages 100% vaccination coverage of cattle, buffaloes, sheep, goats and pigs at six-month interval. The programme also includes de-worming of targeted population of livestock twice a year.

Brucellosis control programme: It envisages 100% vaccination coverage of female cattle and buffalo calves once in a life time.

FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE (FMD)

  • It is a highly contagious virus disease of animals.
  • It affects cloven-hoofed animals (those with divided hoofs), including cattle, buffalo, camels, sheep, goats, deer and pigs.
  • It is found in many parts of the world, and has been reported in countries in Africa, the Middles East, Asia and South America.
  • There are seven serotypes of the virus: A, O, C, SAT1, SAT2, SAT3 and Asia1.

ABOUT BRUCELLOSIS

  • Brucellosis is a zoonotic infection caused by the bacterial genus Brucella.
  • These bacteria can infect both humans and animals. It causes abortions and infertility in animals.
  • It is rarely spread from one human to another.
[Ref: PIB]

 

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