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Initiatives for women in Science; Initiatives for women in Science; 43rd Annual Day of NIHFW;
By IASToppers
March 09, 2020


Government Schemes & Policies

  • Initiatives for women in Science

Issues related to Health & Education

  • 43rd Annual Day of NIHFW



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Government Schemes & Policies

Initiatives for women in Science

Department of Science and Technology has started several pioneering initiatives for promoting women in science.

WISTEMM program:

  • The Indo-U.S. Fellowship for Women in Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics and Medicine (WISTEMM) program of Department of Science and Technology (DST) in association with Indo-U.S. Science & Technology Forum (IUSSTF) have provided international exposure to several women scientists.


  • WISTEMM aims to provide opportunities to Indian Women Scientists, Engineers & Technologists to undertake international collaborative research in premier institutions in U.S.A, to enhance their research capacities and capabilities.


  • The programme is run for two categories of women scientists— Women Overseas Student Internship (Module I) for women students pursuing PhD, and Women Overseas Fellowship (Module II) for women with PhD degree and holding regular position at any recognized institution/laboratory in India.
  • The fellowship is for bright Indian Women Citizen within the age bracket of 21 to 45 years. Such abroad age criteria not only cater to those who are currently pursuing research but also to those outstanding women researchers who would want to return after having taken a break onto their research path.
  • The funding support extended under the program includes stipend, airfare, health insurance, contingency and conference allowances.

KIRAN scheme:

  • In the year 2014, DST restructured all women specific programmes under one umbrella called Knowledge Involvement in Research Advancement through Nurturing (KIRAN).


  • The mandate of KIRAN Program is to bring gender parity in Science & Technology through gender mainstreaming.
  • Providing avenues to women scientists and technologists for capacity building, knowledge and skill enhancement at global level is another objective achieved through its international component called ‘International Fellowship for Women in Science’.


  • The scheme encompasses women-exclusive schemes and encourages them to foster their career by not only undertaking research in Science and Technology (S&T) but also focusing on S&T solutions of issues & challenges at the grassroots level for social benefits.
  • Women Scientist Scheme (WOS) addresses challenges faced by S&T qualified women primarily due to social responsibilities.
  • Its two components WOS-A and WOS-B are directly implemented by KIRAN Division and the third component WOS-C or KIRAN-IPR is implemented by TIFAC with grant-in-aid from DST.
  • The aim of the program is to provide opportunities to Indian Women Scientists, Engineers and Technologists to undertake collaborative research and gain exposure to excellent research facilities at international level.

Department of Science and Technology:

  • The DST is a department within the Ministry of Science and Technology in India.
  • It was established in May 1971 to promote new areas of science and technology and to play the role of a nodal department for organising, coordinating and promoting Scientific and Technological activities in the country.
  • It gives funds to various approved scientific projects in India.
  • It also supports various researchers in India to attend conferences abroad and to go for experimental works.

 [Ref: PIB]

Issues related to Health & Education

43rd Annual Day of NIHFW

Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare Dr. Harsh Vardhan presided over the 43rd Annual Day the National Institute of Health & Family Welfare (NIHFW).

Highlights of the event:

  • The role of Ayushman Bharat – Health and Wellness Centres in countering public health challenges through focus on preventive and positive health was emphasized.
  • Public health is being strengthened through Ayushman Bharat – Health & Wellness Centres, with screening for BP, diabetes, three types of cancers, leprosy etc.
  • There is a need for enhanced focus on preventive health with the dual burden of communicable and non-communicable diseaseswhich has been prioritized in the National Health Policy 2017.
  • Synergy between organizations is needed to avoid duplication of efforts especially for organizations in public health.
  • This is the right time for everyone to put efforts into micro-diagnosis, such as a final push for reduction in MMR, IMR, U5MR.
  • To achieve this objective, fine tuning of our strategy as well as rethinking of health policies is needed.
  • A new approach needs to be taken and Research & Training organisations and public health institutions have to take a lead role.

National Institute of Health & Family Welfare:

  • The National Institute of Health & Family Welfare (NIHFW) is situated in Delhi and was established in 1977.
  • NIHFW is the premier organisation for capacity building through training of health professionals, frontline health workers such as ASHAs and ANMs and other central and state officers & healthcare staff.
  • The NIHFW is an autonomous organization, under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, acts as an ‘apex technical institute’ as well as a ‘think tank’ for the promotion of health and family welfare programmes in the country.
[Ref: PIB]

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