PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 8th August 2019 – IASToppers

Vikram Sarabhai Journalism Award in Space Science, Technology and Research; Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Amendment Bill, 2019; United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO); United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements (UNISA); Contributions of Vikram Sarabhai;
By IASToppers
August 08, 2019

Contents

Government Schemes & Policies

  • Parliament passes bill for speedy eviction from govt accommodations

Bilateral & International Relations

  • UNIDO and National Institute of Solar Energy to partner for skill development program
  • Cabinet approves signing of the UNISA

Science & Technology

  • ISRO announces Vikram Sarabhai Journalism Award in Space Science, Technology and Research

 

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Government Schemes & Policies

Parliament passes bill for speedy eviction from govt accommodations

Parliament passed a bill for speedy eviction of unauthorised occupants from government residential accommodations.

Public-Premises-Amendment-Bill,-2019-1-IASToppers

ABOUT THE PUBLIC PREMISES (EVICTION OF UNAUTHORISED OCCUPANTS) AMENDMENT BILL, 2019

Public-Premises-Amendment-Bill,-2019-IASToppers

  • The Bill amends the Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Act, 1971.
  • The Act provides for the eviction of unauthorised occupants from public premises in certain cases.

Residential accommodation:

Public-Premises-Amendment-Bill,-2019-2-IASToppers

  • The Bill defines ‘residential accommodation occupation’ as the occupation of public premises by a person on the grant of a license for such occupation. The license must be given for a fixed tenure, or for the period the person holds office. 
  • Further, the occupation must be allowed under the rules made by the central, state or union territory government or a statutory authority.

Notice for eviction:

  • The Bill adds a provision laying down the procedure for eviction from residential accommodation.
  • It requires an estate officer (an officer of the central government) to issue a written notice to a person if he is in unauthorised occupation of a residential accommodation.
  • The notice will require the person to show cause of why an eviction order should not be made against him, within three working days.

Order of eviction:

  • After considering the cause shown, the estate officer will make an order for eviction.
  • If the person fails to comply with the order, the estate officer may evict such person from the residential accommodation, and take possession of it. For this purpose, the estate officer may also use such force as necessary.

Payment of damages:

  • If the person in unauthorised occupation of the residential accommodation challenges the eviction order passed by the estate officer in court, he will be required to pay damages for every month of such occupation.

NEED OF THE BILL:

  • The Centre has the responsibility to evict unauthorised occupants from government accommodations under the provisions of the PPE Act, 1971. However, the eviction proceedings take unusually long time, thereby reducing the availability of government accommodations to new incumbents.
  • Under the existing PPE Act,1971 as amended by PPE Amendment Bill, 2015, the eviction proceeding take around 5 to 7 weeks’ time. However, it takes much longer, even years, to evict unauthorized occupants.
  • Under the proposed bill, the state officer will not have to follow elaborate proceedings like serving notice, show cause, inquiry, rather he or she can initiate summary eviction proceedings.
  • There are over 3,000 unauthorised occupants of government accommodations (government property allotted to members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha and government officials).

IMPACT:

  • The amendments will facilitate smooth and speedy eviction of unauthorised occupants from Government residences.
  • This will decrease the waiting time for availing the facility of residential accommodation.
[Ref: The Hindu, Money control, PIB]   

 

Bilateral & International Relations

UNIDO and National Institute of Solar Energy to partner for skill development program

An agreement was signed between the National Institute of Solar Energy (NISE) and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) to initiate a skill development programme for different levels of beneficiaries in the solar thermal energy sector.

UNIDO-1-IASToppers Current Affairs Analysis

ABOUT THE AGREEMENT:

  • The agreement is part of the ongoing MNRE-GEF-UNIDO project implemented jointly by UNIDO.
  • It is aimed at supporting skill development of technical manpower in the Concentrated Solar Thermal Energy Technologies (CST) which are being used to replace conventional fossil fuels e.g. coal, diesel, furnace oil etc. and save costs and emissions in the industrial process heat applications.

ABOUT UNITED NATIONS INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION (UNIDO):

UNIDO-IASToppers

  • UNIDO is the specialized agency of the United Nations that promotes industrial development for poverty reduction, inclusive globalization and environmental sustainability.
  • The United Nations General Assembly established the UNIDO as an autonomous body within the United Nations in 1956.
  • The mission of UNIDO, as described in the Lima Declaration adopted at the UNIDO General Conference in 2013, is to promote inclusive and sustainable industrial development (ISID) in Member States.
  • It has 170 members including India.
  • It has offices in Brussels (European Union), Geneva (United Nations) and New York (United Nations).
  • The Global Manufacturing and Industrialization Summit (GMIS) is the joint initiative of the UNIDO and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The GMIS 2020 will be held in
  • UNIDO’s mandate is fully recognized in SDG-9, which calls to “Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation”.
  • The Programme for Country Partnership (PCP) is UNIDO’s innovative programme which supports a country in achieving its industrial development goals.
  • In 2016, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed the 2016-2025 as the Third Industrial Development Decade for Africa (IDDA III). UNIDO was tasked with leading the implementation of the Decade.

STRATEGIC PRIORITIES OF UNIDO:

  • Creating shared prosperity.
  • Advancing economic competitiveness.
  • Safeguarding the environment.
  • Strengthening knowledge and institutions.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Cabinet approves signing of the UNISA

The Union Cabinet has approved the signing of the United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements (UNISA) resulting from mediation by the Republic of India scheduled to be held at Singapore on 7th August, 2019, or at United Nations Headquarters.

unisa IASToppers

SIGNIFICANCE:

  • Signing of the Convention will boost the confidence of the investors and shall provide a positive signal to foreign investors about India’s commitment to adhere to international practice on Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR).

INITIATIVES TO PROMOTE ADR MECHANISMS:

Initiatives to promote ADR Mechanisms IASToppers

  • In order to encourage international commercial arbitration in India, the Government is establishing the New Delhi International Arbitration Centre (NDIAC) as a statutory body.
  • These initiatives are being taken with a view to encourage the settlement of commercial disputes, domestic and international, in India through ADR Mechanism of Arbitration, Conciliation and Mediation.
  • For this, the amendments in the Commercial Courts Act, 2015 (addition of mandatory pre-institution mediation and settlement in certain category of cases) and Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 is currently underway.

ABOUT UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENT AGREEMENTS (UNISA)

  • The United Nations General Assembly adopted the United Nations Convention on International Settlement Agreements Resulting from Mediation in 2018.
  • The General Assembly authorized that the Convention will open for signature at a signing ceremony to be held in August 2019 in Singapore and will be known as the “Singapore Convention on Mediation” (the Convention).
  • The Convention provides a uniform framework for the enforcement of international settlement agreements resulting from mediation and for allowing parties to invoke such agreements, similar to the framework that the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards (New York Convention, 1958) provides for arbitral awards.
  • The Convention defines two additional grounds upon which a court may, on its own motion, refuse to grant relief. Those grounds relate to the fact that a dispute would not be capable of settlement by mediation or would be contrary to public policy.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Science & Technology

ISRO announces Vikram Sarabhai Journalism Award in Space Science, Technology and Research

As part of centenary year celebrations of Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, ISRO institutes two categories of awards in journalism.

isro IASToppers

ABOUT THE AWARDS:

ISRO 1 IASToppers

  • ISRO has announced its “Vikram Sarabhai Journalism Award in Space Science, Technology and Research” to recognize and reward journalists who have actively contributed towards the field of space science, applications, and research.
  • The candidates are judged on the basis of the articles published in Hindi, English, or Regional languages during the year 2019 to 2020.

ABOUT VIKRAM SARABHAI:

contributions-of-sarabhai-IASToppers

  • He was considered as the Father of the Indian space program.
  • After India gained independence, he sought a charitable trust set up by his family for the research work in the field of Science. This resulted in creation of Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad.
  • Based on his persuasion, the Indian government agreed to set up the Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) in 1962. He was the first chairman of the committee. The INCOSPAR was restructured and renamed as Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in 1969.
  • He founded the Physical Research Laboratory in Ahmedabad in the year 1947. The laboratory started its operation from RETREAT, Sarabhai’s residence in Ahmedabad. Its first topic of research was cosmic rays.
  • His consistent communication with NASA formed the base for Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE) in 1975. This further steered the coming in of cable television in India.
  • He is considered as the brainchild of India’s first satellite,
  • The establishment of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) was one of his greatest achievements.
  • He set up the Operations Research Group (ORG) which was the first market research organization in India.
  • He was also Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission.
  • He was one of the founding members of the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (IIMA).
  • He completed his PhD in ‘Cosmic ray investigations in tropical latitudes’ under the Doctoral Advisory of Sir C. V. Raman.
  • He was the vice president for the fourth UN peace conference organized in 1971. The topic of concern in this issue was ‘Peaceful uses of atomic energy.’
  • He set up the first rocket launching station at Thumba near Thiruvananthapuram on the coast of the Arabian Sea.

AWARDS:

  • In 1962, he received the ‘Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Medal’.
  • In 1966, he awarded the Padma Bhushan award.
  • In 1972, he was honored with the Padma Vibhushan award.

Some of the most well-known institutions established by Dr. Sarabhai are:

  • Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad
  • Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad
  • Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram
  • Space Applications Centre, Ahmedabad (This institution came into existence after merging six institutions/centres established by Sarabhai)
  • Faster Breeder Test Reactor (FBTR), Kalpakkam
  • Varaiable Energy Cyclotron Project, Calcutta
  • Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL), Hyderabad
  • Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL), Jaduguda, Bihar
  • Ahmedabad Textiles Industrial Research Association (ATIRA)
  • Center for Environmental Planning and Technology (CEPT), Ahmedabad
  • Blind Men Association (BMA)
[Ref: PIB]

 

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