PIB Daily

PIB Daily – 9th August 2019 – IASToppers

Bharat Ratna Awards; FAME II scheme; ‘Samagra Shiksha-Jal Suraksha’ drive; e-Rozgar Samachar; Women Transforming India (WTI) Awards; Jal Shakti Abhiyan;
By IASToppers
August 09, 2019

Contents

Government Schemes & Policies

  • Sanction for 5595 electric Buses under Fame Phase-II

Issues related to Health & Education

  • Union HRD Minister to launch ‘Samagra Shiksha-Jal Suraksha’ Drive
  • e-Rozgar Samachar launched to spread awareness about job opportunities

Key Facts for Prelims

  • President of India Presents Bharat Ratna Awards
  • NITI Aayog to launch the Fourth Edition of Women Transforming India Awards

 

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Government Schemes & Policies

Sanction for 5595 electric Buses under Fame Phase-II

The Department of Heavy Industry has approved the sanction of 5595 electric buses to 64 Cities for intra-city and intercity operation under FAME India scheme phase II.

Sanction for 5595 electric Buses under Fame Phase-II iastoppers

ABOUT FAME II SCHEME:

FAME-II Scheme.5 iastoppers

  • Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric Vehicles, or FAME 2 scheme aims to further accelerate the government of India’s commitment to a clean mobility future.
  • It promotes the electrification of transportation as a primary focus area.
  • It intends to catalyse the market for faster adoption of Electric Vehicle (EVs) to ensure durable economic growth and global competitiveness for India’s automotive industry.
  • Under these scheme the government will offer incentives for electric buses, three-wheelers and four-wheelers to be used for commercial purposes.
  • Plug-in hybrid vehicles and those with a sizeable lithium-ion battery and electric motor will also be included in the scheme and fiscal support offered depending on the size of the battery.

STEPS BEING TAKEN TO MAKE ELECTRIC VEHICLES MORE AFFORDABLE:

  • FAME 2 will offer incentives to manufacturers, who invest in developing electric vehicles and its components, including lithium-ion batteries and electric motors.
  • The centre plans to roll out an incentive of ₹10,000 per kilowatt (kW) for two-, three- and four-wheelers, based on the size of their batteries.

WHAT IS FAME INDIA SCHEME?

  • With an aim to promote eco-friendly vehicles, the government had launched the FAME India scheme in 2015 offering incentives on electric and hybrid vehicles of up to Rs 29,000 for bikes and Rs 1.38 lakh for cars.
  • FAME India is a part of the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan.
  • The scheme envisages Rs 795 crore support in the first two fiscals starting with 2018.
  • It is being administered by the Heavy Industries Ministry.

National Electric Mobility 1 iastoppers

ABOUT NATIONAL ELECTRIC MOBILITY MISSION PLAN (NEMMP) 2020

National Electric Mobility iastoppers

  • NEMMP aims to achieve national fuel security by promoting hybrid and electric vehicles in country.
  • It has set ambitious target of 6-7 million sales of hybrid and electric vehicles year on year from 2020 onwards.
[Ref: PIB]

 

Issues related to Health & Education

Union HRD Minister to launch ‘Samagra Shiksha-Jal Suraksha’ Drive

Union HRD Minister will launch ‘Samagra Shiksha-Jal Suraksha’ drive on 9th August 2019 to create awareness about Water Conservation among all school students in the country.

ABOUT ‘SAMAGRA SHIKSHA-JAL SURAKSHA’ DRIVE iastopprers

ABOUT ‘SAMAGRA SHIKSHA-JAL SURAKSHA’ DRIVE

  • It is launched by the Department of School Education & Literacy, Ministry of Human Resource Development.

Samagra-Shiksha-Jal-Suraksha

OBJECTIVE:

  • To educate students learn about conservation of water
  • To sensitize Students about the impact of scarcity of water
  • To empower Students to learn to protect the natural sources of water
  • To help every Student to save at least one litre of water per day
  • To encourage Students towards minimum wastage of water

ABOUT THE JAL SHAKTI ABHIYAN:

Jal Shakti Abhiyan iastoppers

  • The Jal Shakti Abhiyan aims to accelerate water harvesting, conservation and borewell recharge activities already being carried out under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee scheme and the Integrated Watershed Management Programme of the Rural Development Ministry, along with other schemes of Jal Shakti and Environment Ministries.
  • The campaign would run from July 1 to September 15 in States receiving rainfall during the south-west monsoon, while States receiving rainfall in the retreating or north-east monsoon would be covered from October 1 to November 30. Overall, 313 blocks with critical groundwater levels would be covered, along with 1,186 blocks with over-exploited groundwater and 94 blocks with low groundwater availability.
  • Though water is a State issue, the campaign would be coordinated by several central IAS officers of Joint or Additional Secretary-rank, drawn from ministries as varied as Space, Petroleum and Defence.
  • Block and district-level water conservation plans would be drafted, and Kisan Vigyan Kendras would hold melas to promote better crop choices and more efficient water use for irrigation.
[Ref: PIB]

 

e-Rozgar Samachar launched to spread awareness about job opportunities 

The e-version of Rozgar Samachar has been launched recently by the Ministry of Information & Broadcasting.

e-Rozgar Samachar 1 iastoppers

OBJECTIVE OF E-ROZGAR SAMACHAR

  • To meet the emerging challenge of young readers switching to electronic modes of communication.

e-Rozgar Samachar 2 iastoppers

  • To make aspirants aware of job opportunities in government sector including public sector enterprises and provide guidance about admission and career opportunities.

BACKGROUND

  • Rozgar Samachar is the Hindi version of Employment News (English).
  • Employment News is the flagship weekly job journal from Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
  • It was launched in 1976 with a view to provide information on employment opportunities to the unemployed and underemployed youth of the country.
  • The journal is published in English (Employment News), Hindi (Rozgar Samachar) and Urdu (Rozgar Samachar).
  • It is published on every Saturday.
  • The job journal provides information related to job vacancies, job oriented training programmes, admission notices related to job oriented exams in Ministries/Autonomous bodies/ Societies/ PSUs of the Central /state/UT Administrations, bank sector and educational sector.

 [Ref: PIB]

 

Key Facts for Prelims

President of India Presents Bharat Ratna Awards 

The President of India presented Bharat Ratna Awards to Shri Nanaji Deshmukh (posthumously), Dr Bhupendra Kumar Hazarika (posthumously) and Shri Pranab Mukherjee at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

bharat-ratna-2019-iastoppers-2020

ABOUT BHARAT RATNA AWARDS:

  • Bharat Ratna’, the highest civilian Award of India, was instituted in the year 1954.

Bharat Ratna iastoppers

  • The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science, and public services, but the government expanded the criteria to include any field of human endeavour in December 2011.
  • It is not mandatory that Bharat Ratna be awarded every year.
  • The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister himself to the President. No formal recommendations for this are necessary.
  • The number of annual awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a particular year.
  • On conferment of the award, the recipient receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion.
  • The first ever Indian to receive this award was the famous scientist, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman.
  • The Award does not carry any monetary grant.
  • In terms of Article 18 (1) of the Constitution, the award cannot be used as a prefix or suffix to the recipient’s name.
  • However, should an award winner consider it necessary, he/she may use the ‘Awarded Bharat Ratna by the President’ or ‘Recipient of Bharat Ratna Award’.
  • There is no written provision that Bharat Ratna should be awarded to Indian citizens only. The award has been awarded to a naturalized Indian citizen Mother Teresa (1980) and to two non-Indians – Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan and Nelson Mandela (1990).
  • Since 1954, 44 distinguished individuals have been awarded with this prestigious award.
  • The Bharat Ratna, along with other personal civil honours, was briefly suspended from July 1977 to January 1980, during the change in the national government; and for a second time from August 1992 to December 1995, when several public-interest litigations challenged the constitutional validity of the awards.

CRITICISM:

  • In 1988, then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi conferred the Bharat Ratna posthumously on movie actor and former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu to influence voters prior to the Tamil Nadu assembly elections. The decision was criticised for awarding Bharat Ratna to Tamil Nadu Chief Minister before independence activist B. R. Ambedkar and Vallabhbhai Patel.
  • The seventh Prime Minister V. P. Singh was criticised for posthumously honouring B. R. Ambedkar to please the Dalits.
  • The posthumous (award given after his/her death) conferments of the award on the recipients who died before the Indian independence in 1947 have been criticised by the historians. Such conferment could lead to more demands to honour people like Maurya Emperor Ashoka, Mughal Emperor Akbar etc.
  • The then Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao was also criticised for bestowing the award upon Vallabhbhai Patel in 1991, 41 years after his death in 1950; and upon Subhas Chandra Bose in 1992, who went missing since 18 August 1945.
  • A few of the conferments have been criticised for honouring personalities only after they received global recognition. The award for Mother Teresa was announced in 1980, a year after she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
[Ref: PIB]

 

NITI Aayog to launch the Fourth Edition of Women Transforming India Awards

The NITI Aayog will launch the Fourth Edition of Women Transforming India (WTI) Awards on 9 August 2019. 

Women Transforming India Awards 1 iastoppers

ABOUT THE WOMEN TRANSFORMING INDIA (WTI) AWARDS

  • The Women Transforming India (WTI) Awards is being organized in collaboration with the United Nations to recognize women entrepreneurs from across India.
  • This 2019’s theme of award is ‘Women and Entrepreneurship’, in continuation of the theme for WTI Awards 2018.

ABOUT WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP PLATFORM (WEP)

  • The Women Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP) is a Government of India initiative by NITI Aayog to promote and support aspiring as well as established women entrepreneurs in India.

Women Transforming India Awards iastoppers

  • It has more than 5,000 women entrepreneurs registered on the platform and has committed funding of more than US$ 10mn for these start-ups.
[Ref: PIB]

 

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