Prelims 2020

Prelims Booster 2020 Flash Cards Set-18 [Current]

This is Prelims Booster 2020 Flash Cards Set-18 [current].
By IASToppers
September 26, 2020




What is the name of the frog, where the adult frogs have a defensive feature of two black spots that look like eyes on their backs.

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Mysticellus franki, t is the name of the frog, where the adult frogs have a defensive feature of two black spots that look like eyes on their backs.

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Mysticellus franki

Scientists from the University of Delhi have discovered a new amphibian — a mysterious narrow-mouthed frog named Mysticellus franki in Kerala. The study was published in Scientific Reports.

About Mysticellus franki

  • The frog Mysticellus franki belongs to a new genus, Mysticellus
  • Adults has defensive feature i.e. two black spots that look like eyes on their backs.
  • Frog is around 40 million years old and its nearest relatives live more than 2,000 km away, in southeast Asia (including Indo-Burma, Malaysia and Vietnam).




Name the place where thje 2020 Indra exercise will be held between India and Russia.

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Answer: Andaman Sea

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Indra exercise:

  • India and Russiaare scheduled to hold the bilateral naval exercise Indra 2020 in September.
  • The maritime exercise will be held in the Andaman Sea, close to the strategic Strait of Malacca.
  • India withdrew from the Kavkaz-2020 multinational exercisein Russia scheduled in September 2020, allegedly due to the participation of Chinese troops.




Which month in India is earmarked as ‘Rashtriya Poshan Maah’?

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Answer: September

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Poshan Maah:

  • The 3rd Rashtriya Poshan Maahis being celebrated in September 2020 to address the problem of malnutrition among women and young children.
  • Rashtriya Poshan Maah 2020 will have two major activities to be carried out at grass root level:
  • Identification and tracking of children with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) and
  • Plantation drive for promotion of Kitchen gardens.
  • Launched by: Ministry of Women and Child Development
  • Aim: To address malnutrition.
  • 2019 Theme: Complementary Feeding with the slogan ‘Poshan Tyohar Se Vyavahar’.


  • It will make people aware of the importance of nutrition and give individual access to government services to support supplement nutrition for children and pregnant women/lactating mothers.

Poshan Abhiyan:

  • Launched on: International Women’s day (March 8) in 2018.
  • Aim: To ensure holistic development and adequate nutrition for pregnant women, mothers and children.
  • Vision: To ensure attainment of malnutrition free India by 2022.
  • It is a multi-ministerial convergence mission.
  • It involves gradual scaling-up of interventions supported by on-going World Bank assisted ‘Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Systems Strengthening and Nutrition Improvement Project’ (ISSNIP) to all districts in the country by 2022.




What is main objective of the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA)?

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The main objective of ATIGA is to establish an integrated market and production base with a free flow of goods by 2015 in member countries.

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ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA):

  • The ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA) was signed by the Economic Ministers of the Member States of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in 2009 in Thailand.
  • The ATIGA enhanced and superseded the Agreement on Common Effective Preferential Tariff Scheme for the ASEAN Free Trade Area (CEPT/AFTA) which was signed in 1992 and its related protocols and arrangements.
  • ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA) aims to achieve free flow of goods in the region resulting to less trade barriers and deeper economic linkages among Member States, lower business costs, increased trade, and a larger market and economies of scale for businesses.  
  • Through ATIGA, Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand have eliminated intra-ASEAN import duties on 99.65 percent of their tariff lines.
  • Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, and Viet Nam have reduced their import duties to 0-5 percent on 98.86 percent of their tariff lines. 




Ras al-Ayn is situated between which countries?

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Ras al-Ayn is a city situated on the Syria–Turkey border.

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Ras al-Ayn

  • Ras al-Ayn is a city in al-Hasakah Governorate in northeastern Syria, on the Syria–Turkey border.
  • During the Syrian Civil War, the city became contested between Syrian opposition forces and People’s Protection Units (YPG) from November 2012 until it was finally captured by the YPG in July 2013.
  • It was later captured by the Turkish Armed Forces and the Syrian National Army during the 2019 Turkish offensive into north-eastern Syria, bringing it under the Turkish occupation of northern Syria.


  • Ras al-Ayn is located in Upper Khabur basin in the northern Syrian region of Jazira.
  • The Khabur, largest tributary of the Euphrates, crosses the border from Turkey to the southwest of the city.




Government issued Public Procurement (Preference to Make in India) Order 2019 for the first time in 2019. True or False?

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Correct statement– Earlier, government has issued Public Procurement (Preference to Make in India) Order 2017 on 15th June 2017 which aims at enhancing income and employment in the country.

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Public Procurement (Preference to Make in India) Order 2019

  • The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) issues revised Public Procurement (Preference to Make in India) Order 2019 for cyber security products with immediate effect.


  • This Order is applicable on procurement of goods, services and works (including turnkey works) by a Central Ministry, Department, their attached, subordinate offices, autonomous bodies controlled by the Government of India, Government companies, their Joint Ventures and Special Purpose Vehicles.
  • Purchase preference is given to local suppliers who meet the minimum local content requirement.
  • The preference will be granted to a company which is incorporated and registered in India or startup firms that meet the definition as prescribed by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), provided the revenue from the product and intellectual property (IP) licensing accrues to the firm in India.
  • Meity will be nodal ministry for implementation of the cyber security product notification.
  • Various Ministries and Departments have been designated as nodal for notifying minimum local content for the relevant product categories.
  • Firms claiming to own IP for the product will be required to furnish evidence of the ownership as per the rule.
  • IP registration is not mandatory in the country but a firm claiming benefit under the order should have the right to use and commercialise product without third party consents, distribute and modify it.
  • Specifications such as definitions for cyber security product, product list, verification of ‘local supplier’ of domestically manufactured cyber security product, Indicative categories of Cyber security products are provided in this order.

Following are excluded from the list:

  • Resellers, Dealers, Distributors, implementation/ support services agencies of products, who have limited rights to IP to enable transfer of rights to use, distribute and modify.
  • Digital content is not considered a product e.g. audio, videos, e-books, computer based training platforms etc.




Goma City and Khartoum are located in Democratic Republic of Congo. True or False?

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  • Goma City is located in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • Khartoum is the capital of Sudan

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  • Goma is a city located in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • The city lies close to the Rwandan border.
  • The African Rift system and the active Nyiragongo Volcano lie near the city.
  • The city was also in news with respect to the Ebola epidemic in the region.


  • Khartoum is the capital of Sudan.
  • It is the sixth-largest city in
  • Khartoum is located at the confluence of the White Nile, flowing north from Lake Victoria, and the Blue Nile, flowing west from Lake Tana in Ethiopia.
  • Recently, flash floods have affected life and property in the city.
  • The region was once part of the British Empire.




What are the Salient Features Mission Karmayogi- National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building?

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Salient Features:

  • The Programme will be delivered by setting up an Integrated Government Online Training-iGOT Karmayogi Platform.
  • A sum of Rs. 510.86 crore will be spent over a period of 5 yearsfrom 2020-21 to 2024-25.
  • NPCSCB will be governed by the Prime Minister’s Human Resource Council, which will also include state Chief Ministers, Union Cabinet ministers and experts.
  • This council will approve and review civil service capacity building programmes.

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Mission Karmayogi- National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building:

  • The Union Cabinet has approved a National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building (NPCSCB).


  • To prepare Indian civil servants for the future by making them more creative, constructive, imaginative, innovative, proactive, professional, progressive, energetic, enabling, transparent and technology-enabled.


  • To set up a Capacity Building Commission to ensure a uniform approach in managing and regulating the capacity building ecosystem on collaborative and co-sharing basis.
  • To lay the foundations for capacity building for Civil Servants.
  • To keep them connected with their roots and learn from the best institutions and practices across the world.

Functions of Capacity Building Commission:

  • To assist PM Public Human Resources Councilin approving the Annual Capacity Building Plans.
  • To exercise functional supervisionover all Central Training Institutions dealing with civil services capacity building.
  • To create shared learning resources, including internal and external faculty and resource centers.
  • To coordinate and supervise the implementationof Capacity Building Plans with the stakeholder Departments.
  • To make recommendations on standardization of training and capacity building, pedagogy and methodology
  • To set norms for common mid-career training programsacross all civil services.
  • To suggest policy interventionsrequired in the areas of HR Management and Capacity Building to the Government.

iGOT-Karmayogi platform:

  • Mission Karmayogi programme will be delivered by setting up a digital platform called iGOTKarmayogi.
  • The platform will act as a launchpad for the National Programme for Civil Services Capacity Building(NPCSCB), which will enable a comprehensive reform of the capacity building apparatus at the individual, institutional and process levels.
  • iGOT-Karmayogi platform brings the scale and state-of-the-art infrastructureto augment the capacities of over two crore officials in India.




Commonwealth Connects Programme (CCP) and Asia Pacific Centre for ICT (APCICT) uses Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for which purpose?

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Commonwealth Connects Programme (CCP) aimed to use ICT to promote sustainable development throughout the Commonwealth.

Asia Pacific Centre for ICT (APCICT) uses ICT for socio-economic development through human and institutional capacity building.

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Asia Pacific Centre for ICT (APCICT)

  • APCICT is a subsidiary body of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
  • It came into existence in June 2006 at Incheon, Republic of Korea.
  • The Centre mission is to strengthen the efforts of the member countries of ESCAP to use ICT in their socio-economic development through human and institutional capacity building.
  • To meet this objective, APCICT work is focused on three inter-related pillars: training, research and advisory services. Together they form an integrated approach to ICT human capacity building.
  • The centre is aimed at creating ICT-ready environment through capacity-building trainings and workshops.
  • Its main areas are ICT applications and development; ICT for development policy, process and governance and e-Government applications.
  • India has been member of the Governing Council (GC) of APCICT since its inception and attending the GC meetings.
  • Towards cooperation with APCICT, the Ministry intends to extend its expertise towards development of multi-purpose community e-centers, enhancing Pacific connectivity for improved ICT access, furthering initiatives in HRD and capacity building, etc.

Commonwealth Connects Programme (CCP)

  • The Commonwealth Connects Programme has laid a clear strategic foundation for the realisation of its vision of how Information and Communication Technology (ICT) can be used to promote sustainable development throughout the Commonwealth.
  • And also how Commonwealth networks can be used to bridge the digital divide.
  • The programme has taken significant steps in facilitating the sharing of the enormous ICT resources deployed within the Commonwealth.
  • The ICT-rich member countries do more to support countries that are ICT-disadvantaged in using ICT for development and improving the lives of all their citizens.
  • The programme supports projects on a selective basis, looking at their potential for replication across member states and for demonstrating the potential for collaboration between Commonwealth governments and other stakeholders.
  • Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India is actively involved in this programme and providing advice on replication of various successful projects in the Commonwealth member states.
  • Ministry has already facilitated Commonwealth Connects in replicating Indian Hole-in-the-Wall project in Uganda.




What will be the major impacts of National Policy for Software Products (NPSP), 2019?

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Major impacts

  • Boost revenues and exports
  • Create substantive employment and entrepreneurial opportunities in emerging technologies
  • Leverage opportunities available under the Digital India Programme

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National Policy for Software Products (NPSP), 2019

  • National Policy on Software Products – 2019 was released to develop India as a Software Product Nation.


  • To promote the creation of a sustainable Indian software product industry, driven by intellectual property (IP), leading to a ten-fold increase in India share of the Global Software product market by 2025.
  • To nurture 10,000 technology start-ups in software product industry, including 1000 such technology start-ups in Tier-II and Tier-III towns & cities and generating direct and in-direct employment for 3.5 million people by 2025.
  • To create a talent pool for software product industry through (i) up-skilling of IT professionals, (ii) motivating school and college students and (iii) generating specialized professionals that can provide leadership.
  • To build a cluster-based innovation driven ecosystem by developing 20 sectoral located software product development clusters
  • In order to evolve and monitor scheme for the implementation of this policy, National Software Products Mission will be set up


  • As Indian IT Industry has predominantly been a service Industry, a need has been felt to move up the value chain through technology oriented products and services.
  • To create a robust software product ecosystem, which aims to develop India as the global software product hub.
  • Also it aims to align with other Government initiatives such as Start-up India, Make in India etc. So as to create Indian Software products Industry of USD 70-80 billion with direct & indirect employment of 3.5 million by 2025.
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