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[RSTV The Big Picture] Farmers’ Agitation: Reasons, Solutions

Good policy from both the state and central government required with implementation at every level and transparent check & balance must put into regular practice.
By IT's Video Summary Team
June 10, 2017


  • Introduction
  • What are the reasons for agitation?
  • Solution

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GS (M) Paper-2: “Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.”
GS (M) Paper-3: “Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices”



  • Farmers under the banner of Kisan Sangarsh Samiti (KSS) along with local support of Bhartiya Kishan Sangh (BKS) agitating against the Rajasthan state government and given a week long ultimatum to meet their demands of better crop prices, agriculture pensions and loan waivers.
  • During the demonstration exercise five farmers died in police firing on Tuesday, June 01, 2017.
  • After M.P. and Maharshtra, the farmers have announced to protest in Pratapgarh, Rajasthan located just 20 km from Mandsaur under the name of ‘Rocked by Crop Protest’.


What are the reasons for agitation?

  • Average income level is very low in M.P. and Maharshtra. Profitability rate is also declining. Rising cost of production for producing crops.
  • In incidence of droughts, although consumers paid high prices, value realization for farmers was very poor.
  • Agriculture is becoming costly enterprise. In order to meet the cost of agriculture, farmers are having to incur heavy debts and in both good and bad seasons, the farmers are not being able to get adequate prices for their products.
  • Corporate agriculture model is the main cause for the debt in agriculture sector. Farmers have no role in market and have no direct relation with consumers.
  • Agricultural mandis are controlled by traders whether small, large or corporate traders. Prices given to farmers are decided by them and prices are also very low.
  • In case of Tamil Nadu farmers, they were suffering from last three years’ consecutive droughts. However, state government has not adopted Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana and not even implemented any other crop insurance schemes.
  • Government only announced cosmetic approach to solve the farmers approach.
  • During loan waiving process, government waived maximum loan to upper and middle farmers and partially ignore the marginal and base level farmers. High interest loan given to marginal farmers
  • Non-crop agriculture and livestock agriculture constitute about 30% of agriculture and in some states, they are upto 40-45 percent. Because of Union government’s recent ban on bovine trade has increased a distress among farmers.
  • Post-harvest loss in the case of fruits and vegetables comes to about 40-42%. Moreover, North-east states under Horticulture Mission drop the idea of horticulture and now come to the farming of traditional or subsistence crops as their fruits and vegetables produce didn’t get good prices.



  • Good policy from both the state and central government required with implementation at every level and transparent check & balance must put into regular practice.
  • Bargaining power of the farmers should be increased.
  • Re-orientation of the agricultural policy structure and effective implementation of government schemes related to agriculture sector.
  • Technology upgradation and its training required.
  • Farmer’s union and welfare body must keep liaison with the government to raise farmer’s voice on regular basis.
  • Academician and social think tank seat together to discuss the concrete and comprehensive policy for farmers.  


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