- Key Facts
- WHAT ARE THE ISSUES WITH RESPECT TO FIRE SAFETY IN INDIA?
- WHAT ARE POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS?
Fire Safety in India
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Recently, the Anaj Mandi fire is considered to be one of the worst fire tragedies in Delhi.
The tragedy has brought in focus on fire safety norms in India and to what extent are they adhered to.
- According to The India Risk Survey, there has been a 300% increase in fire incidents in commercial buildings in 2014 and 2015.
- Similarly, according to the latest data of the National Crime Records Bureau, 17700 people died across the country due to fires at public and residential buildings in 2015.
- Fire service is a state subject and has been included as a municipal function in the XII schedule of the Constitution. In many states, municipal corporations and local bodies are responsible for providing fire services in many states.
WHAT ARE THE ISSUES WITH RESPECT TO FIRE SAFETY IN INDIA?
WHAT ARE POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS?
With respect to the Government:
- Stern action should be taken against the authorities for lax implementation of laws.
- The governments (Central, State and Union Territories) can increase manpower in fire departments.
- Fire safety should be made a compulsory subject in the education system.
- Research on the causes of fires and fire related deaths.
- Deploying technological interventions like smoke detectors in high vulnerable areas.
- Frequent fire safety audits and comprehensive review of public buildings at an all India level.
- Utilize the concept of carrot and stick to educate and motivate citizens to comply adhere to fire safety norms.
- Mandating compulsory insurance to buildings.
With respect to the Citizens:
- The occupant/citizen has the prime responsibility to know and implement the norms.
- Agencies could be hired by state governments to train people with respect to fire safety like training about first aid and Cardiopulmonary resuscitation(CPR) and among others.
There are stringent fire safety norms in existence. What is required is all stakeholders must be trained as well as trained to adhere to implement these norms in letter and spirit.