- UNESCO SDG 4
- Verticals in Higher educational institutions
- Other Programs by UGC
- Things to inculcate
- Way Forward
Quality Mandate in Higher Education
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- Aiming to improve the quality in Higher Education Institutions the University Grants Commission (UGC) has developed the Higher Education Quality Improvement Programme Mandate on May 2018.
- The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has adopted the Higher Education Quality Improvement Programme Mandate recently which aims at evolving higher education system to equip country’s next-generation with vital skills, knowledge and ethics for leading a rewarding life.
- 5 verticals of Quality Mandate developed by UGC cover evaluation reforms, eco-friendly and sustainable university campuses, human values and professional ethics, faculty induction and academic research integrity.
UNESCO SDG 4:
- The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development contains 17 goals including a new global education goal i.e. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4.
- SDG 4 is to ensure ‘inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all’ and has seven targets and three means of implementation.
- As India is a signatory to the SDGs, the MHRD and UGC are striving towards the codification and implementation of laws aiming to achieve the goal.
Five Verticals in Higher educational institutions:
- It is a framework for Eco-Friendly and Sustainable Campus development in Higher Educational Institutions.
- The framework encourages universities to adopt reflective policies and practices to enhance the environmental quality of the campus and to adopt sustainable green and sustainable methods in its future.
- Guidelines for Inculcation of Human values and Professionals Ethics.
- It recognizes the need to discuss and streamline the process that helps to infuse the culture of human values and ethics in educational institutions.
- It is a guide to one-month mandatory faculty induction Programme.
- It is developed on the ‘Recruit, Retain, Role model’ – to sensitize and motivate the faculty to adopt learner-centered approaches, ICT integrated learning and new pedagogic approaches to teaching-learning, assessment tools in higher education.
- Consortium for Academic and Research Ethics (CARE): It is created with a purpose to continuously monitor and identify quality journals across disciplines, create more awareness and help the cause of promoting academic integrity and ethical publishing.
5. Evaluation reforms:
- Since, student evaluation plays a crucial role in improving the quality of Higher Education in the country.
- The reforms are intended to make student assessment more meaningful, effective and linked to Learning Outcomes.
Other Programs by UGC:
- It is a guide to Student Induction Programme and to help new students adjust and feel comfortable in the new environment, inculcate in them the ethos and culture of the institution.
- Under the program about 1000 teachers have been trained to accustomize students to the learning institution, with more than 500 institutions having following the model.
- It is a scheme for mentoring the institutions to get higher accreditation by National Accreditation and Assessment Council (NAAC) in order to promote Quality Assurance in Higher Education.
- UGC aims to accredit all the higher education institutions by 2022.
- To infuse the culture of accreditation, more than 150 institutions with 3.5 plus OGPA by NAAC are mentoring other institutions.
- It will also facilitate sharing of knowledge, information and opportunities for research collaboration and faculty development in Mentee Institutions.
- Scheme for Trans-Disciplinary Research for India’s Developing Economy is an effort to support inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary, socially relevant and need-based research.
- The scheme has the components: Capacity Building, Undertaking research in all fields of sciences, High Impact Research in Human Sciences, Undertaking Research that is nationally important and globally significant.
Things to inculcate:
1. Outcome oriented Education:
- There is a dire need to have programme specific outcomes and course specific outcomes, and linking programme outcomes to each and every step of evaluation.
- Behavioral outcomes should be emphasized, like apart from Cognitive learning (knowledge based learning), the focus should be on Connotation (reaction) & Affective learning (responsibility and ethics part of education).
- The outcomes of education should be infusing leadership qualities, communication skills, industry ready skills, integrity and ethics etc.
2. Continuous evaluation:
- Continuous evaluation should be an integral part of higher education.
- The focus should be to shift from rote system of learning to scientific reasoning.
- Internal assessment should be throughout the semester rather than only at the end of semester.
3. Use of ICT:
- Information and communications technology (ICT) is a tool to instill transparency in the teaching-learning and research process.
- It can enhance the quality of education by increasing learner motivation and engagement, and by enhancing teacher training.
- ICTs are transformational tools which, can promote the shift to a learner-centered environment by emphasizing on the acquisition of a relevant skillset.
- Education is a process revolving around the three pillars: Research, learner and educator.
- An environment should be made for encouraging ethical research by imbibing the spirit of research in the individual.
- Learners are required to possess self-discipline, personal ethics and transparency in their education process.
- Teachers must follow professional ethics, deliver quality education, and be a true mentor.
- The taste of pudding is in the eatinge. the codification of laws requires effective implementation.
- UGC must check the loopholes within the higher education system, like poor infrastructure, lack of funds, shortage and retention of teachers, quality research and poor management system.