Video Summary

[RSTV The Big Picture] Quality Mandate in Higher Education

Even with the establishments of many higher institutions of research and education, what India lacks is the quality of higher education in these institutions. Implementation is the key, to achieve the set goals and targets of the reforms, proposed time and again.
By IT's Video Summary Team
January 20, 2020


  • Introduction
  • Verticals in Higher educational institutions
  • Other Programs by UGC
  • Things to inculcate
  • Way Forward

Quality Mandate in Higher Education

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  • Aiming to improve the quality in Higher Education Institutions the University Grants Commission (UGC) has developed the Higher Education Quality Improvement Programme Mandate on May 2018.
  • The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has adopted the Higher Education Quality Improvement Programme Mandate recently which aims at evolving higher education system to equip country’s next-generation with vital skills, knowledge and ethics for leading a rewarding life.
  • 5 verticals of Quality Mandate developed by UGC cover evaluation reforms, eco-friendly and sustainable university campuses, human values and professional ethics, faculty induction and academic research integrity.


  • The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development contains 17 goals including a new global education goal i.e. Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4.
  • SDG 4 is to ensure ‘inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all’ and has seven targets and three means of implementation.
  • As India is a signatory to the SDGs, the MHRD and UGC are striving towards the codification and implementation of laws aiming to achieve the goal.

Five Verticals in Higher educational institutions:


  • It is a framework for Eco-Friendly and Sustainable Campus development in Higher Educational Institutions.
  • The framework encourages universities to adopt reflective policies and practices to enhance the environmental quality of the campus and to adopt sustainable green and sustainable methods in its future.

2. MulyaPravah:

  • Guidelines for Inculcation of Human values and Professionals Ethics.
  • It recognizes the need to discuss and streamline the process that helps to infuse the culture of human values and ethics in educational institutions.

3. Guru-Dakshta:

  • It is a guide to one-month mandatory faculty induction Programme.
  • It is developed on the ‘Recruit, Retain, Role model’ – to sensitize and motivate the faculty to adopt learner-centered approaches, ICT integrated learning and new pedagogic approaches to teaching-learning, assessment tools in higher education.

4. CARE:

  • Consortium for Academic and Research Ethics (CARE): It is created with a purpose to continuously monitor and identify quality journals across disciplines, create more awareness and help the cause of promoting academic integrity and ethical publishing.

5. Evaluation reforms:

  • Since, student evaluation plays a crucial role in improving the quality of Higher Education in the country.
  • The reforms are intended to make student assessment more meaningful, effective and linked to Learning Outcomes.

Other Programs by UGC:

1. Deeksharambh:

  • It is a guide to Student Induction Programme and to help new students adjust and feel comfortable in the new environment, inculcate in them the ethos and culture of the institution.
  • Under the program about 1000 teachers have been trained to accustomize students to the learning institution, with more than 500 institutions having following the model.

2. Paramarsh:

  • It is a scheme for mentoring the institutions to get higher accreditation by National Accreditation and Assessment Council (NAAC) in order to promote Quality Assurance in Higher Education.
  • UGC aims to accredit all the higher education institutions by 2022.
  • To infuse the culture of accreditation, more than 150 institutions with 3.5 plus OGPA by NAAC are mentoring other institutions.
  • It will also facilitate sharing of knowledge, information and opportunities for research collaboration and faculty development in Mentee Institutions.


  • Scheme for Trans-Disciplinary Research for India’s Developing Economy is an effort to support inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary, socially relevant and need-based research.
  • The scheme has the components: Capacity Building, Undertaking research in all fields of sciences, High Impact Research in Human Sciences, Undertaking Research that is nationally important and globally significant.

Things to inculcate:
1. Outcome oriented Education:

  • There is a dire need to have programme specific outcomes and course specific outcomes, and linking programme outcomes to each and every step of evaluation.
  • Behavioral outcomes should be emphasized, like apart from Cognitive learning (knowledge based learning), the focus should be on Connotation (reaction) & Affective learning (responsibility and ethics part of education).
  • The outcomes of education should be infusing leadership qualities, communication skills, industry ready skills, integrity and ethics etc.

2. Continuous evaluation:

  • Continuous evaluation should be an integral part of higher education.
  • The focus should be to shift from rote system of learning to scientific reasoning.
  • Internal assessment should be throughout the semester rather than only at the end of semester.

3. Use of ICT:

  • Information and communications technology (ICT) is a tool to instill transparency in the teaching-learning and research process.
  • It can enhance the quality of education by increasing learner motivation and engagement, and by enhancing teacher training.
  • ICTs are transformational tools which, can promote the shift to a learner-centered environment by emphasizing on the acquisition of a relevant skillset.

Way Forward:

  • Education is a process revolving around the three pillars: Research, learner and educator.
  • An environment should be made for encouraging ethical research by imbibing the spirit of research in the individual.
  • Learners are required to possess self-discipline, personal ethics and transparency in their education process.
  • Teachers must follow professional ethics, deliver quality education, and be a true mentor.
  • The taste of pudding is in the eatinge. the codification of laws requires effective implementation.
  • UGC must check the loopholes within the higher education system, like poor infrastructure, lack of funds, shortage and retention of teachers, quality research and poor management system.
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