- Should India be a permanent member of UNSC?
- Are the claims of Brazil, Germany and Japan present in G4 are justified?
- Where do Permanent members stand regarding the expansion of UNSC seats?
- How China has been scuttling the India’s position at UNSC?
- Is it now the time for India to look behind the Wuhan negotiations and start giving strong answers to China?
- How do we deal with China’s efforts to raise the issue now and then with different issues at UNSC?
- Way forward
[RSTV The Big Picture] United Nations Security Council and Permanent seat
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Vice- President recently said that India which represents one-sixth of the global population has a rightful claim to the permanent membership of the United Nation Security Council (UNSC). One of the key historic reasons for India’s quest for a permanent seat at the UNSC is to ensure the protection of national interest in crucial diplomatic moments when the organization take up issues such as J&K. Delivering a joint G4 statement on behalf of Brazil, Germany, India and Japan, India’s permanent representative stated in 2016 that the grouping was eager for forwarding discussion on UNSC permanent membership and reforms. Diplomats have blamed China for carrying out a campaign quietly to stop India’s efforts at the UNSC. The latest UNSC meeting on Kashmir which was convened following an initiative from China shows that India will have to show more stamina to stop China from using the organ against India’s interest.
The issue of expanding the UNSC and the text-based negotiations is expected to be taken up yet again in September when the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) session takes place.
Should India be a permanent member of UNSC?
- India deserves to be a permanent member as India has been the founder member of the UNSC and India has always respected the institution and participated regularly.
- It’s not an easy job to be done as each of the countries is aiming to become part of the high-tables but there are countries present who are constantly opposing them.
- India is opposed by China and Pakistan, Germany is opposed by the UK and France and Brazil is opposed by Argentina.
- With all these challenges India has to continue to make its efforts and there is broad consensus that India needs to be there as UNSC permanent member.
- India has been the leader in peacekeeping operations.
- India is also emerging as a major economic power in the world and especially in South Asia.
- India has increased its presence in United Nations whether India’s election in International Court of Justice (ICJ) or in the case of declaration of International Day of Yoga in which 177 countries including Muslim nations have celebrated.
- It shows that wherever India has tried to take a lead, it has succeeded and India is trying to provide that kind of lead.
Are the claims of Brazil, Germany and Japan present in G4 are justified?
- Over time when the original G4 group was created in the mid-2000s, the campaign began. By the first round of campaigning of three years, India realized that it began with the belief that India was the weakest candidate among four nations but by the end of the campaign it was realized that India was the stronger.
- The candidacy of both Germany and Japan has declined since then. In Japan, It has a basic problem at the front of economic expansion and at the same time, China is opposing Japan in very rigidly.
- Spain and Italy have registered their strong opposition to Germany’s candidacy and Germany’s economy has been, too, declining. There is a lot of opposition in Africa, Latin America and the Arab world are against the idea of having one more permanent seat from the European region. The UNSC has already 3 permanent seat in the UNSC.
- Therefore, both Japan and Germany lose its ground in the UNSC war and Brazil seems to be a potential and strong candidate for UNSC seat though it is facing strong opposition from Argentina and Mexico. Argentina argues that Brazil and Argentina’s GDP is of almost the same size and hence, it should be considered for the seat.
Where do Permanent members stand regarding the expansion of UNSC seats?
- The international institutions reflect the balance of power when they are created so the UNSC platform reflects the balance of power of 1945.
- The structure of UNSC is such that countries have to rely upon the status quo powers to change the status quo. Therefore, the permanent members will not agree to change that position as it will indicate the reduction of the power of these nations in the world.
- The world is witnessing the declining of western powers and they will not agree easily to expand the seats as it will somehow confirm their decline.
How China has been scuttling the India’s position at UNSC?
- China is very clear on its perception and it has equated India with Pakistan. China is using Pakistan as its tool and it prevents Pakistan at any cost like an iron friend. It is very clear to China that it has to prevent Pakistan.
- China does not want to expand the UNSC table though, it talks on multiple occasion about the expansion.
Is it now the time for India to look behind the Wuhan negotiations and start giving strong answers to China?
- The Wuhan negotiations were always understood by India and China as a temporary truce participated.
- Terming it as an ‘informal meeting’ both the countries just tried to lower the heated aggression on Doklam front. India at that time was preparing for elections so it did not want to divert its energy on its border issues.
- What is more interesting is about Pakistan. Its GDP in terms of US dollars is less than the city of Mumbai. Pakistan economy is 1/10th of India’s and its falling continuously.
- China is now finding it increasingly difficult to keep bailing this country out and on many private and informal occasions has asked India to have a discussion with Pakistan for reducing the pressure on Pakistan.
How do we deal with China’s efforts to raise the issue now and then with different issues at UNSC?
- After J&K bifurcation and the whole issue, India should expect that China will raise this issue at UNSC and continue for a while. Pakistan has a major objection to this issue and approaches its ‘friends’ to take up the matter to UNSC.
- China is more or less isolated in the UNSC on J&K issue and after this realization, they would have to ultimately give up on this issue. The time will, perhaps, come when this would happen as like in the case of Hafeez Seed where China had to finally admit him as an international terrorist after a continuous effort to block.
- There are lots of things happening within China and Pakistan. For example, the trade war between China and USA, the declining economy of Pakistan which is keeping their moves in check
- In the case of countries who are supporting India, France has come in support of India’s candidacy openly.
- China will continue to oppose India and probably, the last one to agree on this.
- America paly different strategies. Even though they agree in the background that India should be a permanent member at UNSC, it would not like India to sit equally with it.
- It’s a strong belief that the time will come when India will be there as a permanent member of UNSC but that will take a longer time.
- In the coming UNGA meetings, this issue will come up again like always but it is not going to be a much-highlighted issue as it used to be a decade earlier. Countries have gone through all the motions and realized that the solution is still a long way.
- If India grows at the higher rate of GDP for ten years UNSC will ask India to be its permanent member and that’s where the focus should be.
- The point on which India should concentrate on is that while it needs to spend the diplomatic capital on this question, it shouldn’t be over-investing on this subject because if a nation is economically, militarily and diplomatically important enough that India is a part of every single global conversation then it will automatically solve all the major problems.